Ambo is one of the 180 woredas in the Oromia Region of Ethiopia. Part of the Mirab Shewa Zone, it is bordered on the southwest by Tikur, on the west by Cheliya, on the north by Ginde Beret, on the northeast by Jeldu, on the east by Dendi, and on the southeast by the Debub Mirab (Southwest) Shewa Zone. The administrative center of this woreda is Ambo; other towns include Gorosile, Guder, Meti and Toke Erensa.
This woreda is home to Dr. Merera Gudina, the founder and chairman of the Oromo People's Congress (OPC). Although the OPC has a large following in Ambo, Human Rights Watch has received reports of kebele officials imprisoning people for campaigning for or providing support to the OPC, or expelling students from school for the same.
Based on figures published by the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, this woreda has an estimated total population of 260,193, of whom 131,922 are men and 128,271 are women; 70,675 or 27.16% of its population are urban dwellers, which is greater than the Zone average of 12.3%. With an estimated area of 1,588.13 square kilometers, Ambo has an estimated population density of 163.8 people per square kilometer, which is greater than the Zone average of 152.8.
The 1994 national census reported a total population for this woreda of 177,465, of whom 87,325 were men and 90,140 women; 39,535 or 22.28% of its population were urban dwellers at the time. The two largest ethnic groups reported in Ambo were the Oromo (92.58%), and the Amhara (5.76%); all other ethnic groups made up 1.16% of the population. Oromiffa was spoken as a first language by 90.92%, and 8.37% spoke Amharic; the remaining 0.81% spoke all other primary languages reported. The majority of the inhabitants professed Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, with 74.16% of the population reporting they practiced that belief, while 18.77% of the population said they held traditional beliefs, and 6.07% were Protestant.
- "Coffee Production", Oromia Coffee Cooperative Union website
- Lovise Aalen and Kjetil Tronvoll, "The 2008 Ethiopian local elections: The return of electoral authoritarianism", African Affairs, 108/430, p. 114 (accessed 17 March 2009)
- "Suppressing Dissent: Mechanisms Used by the Ethiopian Government to Control Rural Communities in Oromia", Human Rights Watch, 15 March 2005 (accessed 17 March 2009)
- CSA 2005 National Statistics, Tables B.3 and B.4
- 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Oromia Region, Vol. 1, part 1, Tables 2.1, 2.13, 2.16, 2.20 (accessed 6 April 2009)
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