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Frances Cress Welsing
DrWelsingteaching.jpg
Born 1935
Chicago, Illinois
Occupation writer, and psychiatrist

Frances Cress Welsing (born March 18, 1935 in Chicago, Illinois) is an African American psychiatrist practicing in Washington, D.C.. She is noted for her "Cress Theory of Color Confrontation", which explores the practice of White Supremacy. She is the author of The Isis Papers; The Keys to the Colors (1991).[1][2]


  1. ""Cress Theory of Color"". "Frances Cress Welsing".Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css has no content.
  2. ""About Cress Welsing"". "Africa Within".Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css has no content.