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Guelma Province

ولاية قالمة
Guelma Valley as seen from Ben Djerrah, partially showing the metropolitan area of Guelma with the cities of Boumahra Ahmed, Belkheir, and Guelma visible (from right to left/east to west)
Guelma Valley as seen from Ben Djerrah, partially showing the metropolitan area of Guelma with the cities of Boumahra Ahmed, Belkheir, and Guelma visible (from right to left/east to west)
Map of Algeria highlighting Guelma
Map of Algeria highlighting Guelma
Country  Algeria
Capital Guelma
Area
 • Total 4,101 km2 (1,583 sq mi)
Population
 (2008)[1]
 • Total 482,261
 • Density 120/km2 (300/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01 (CET)
Area Code +213 (0) 37
ISO 3166 code DZ-24
Districts 10
Municipalities 34

Guelma Province (Arabic: ولاية قالمة‎) is a province (wilaya) in eastern Algeria. Its namesake is its seat and most populous municipality: Guelma.

History

Its civilians suffered heavy casualties during the 1945 Sétif massacre by the French Army. The province itself was established on 1974. Before that, it was part of Annaba Province. In 1983, the province lost its south-eastern half in favor of the creation of Souk Ahras Province.

Demographics

It has 429.998 inhabitants as of the 1998 census, one of the lower populations in the country, which gives it 39 seats in the APW, the province's assembly. The population density is 105/km², or 272/sq mi. Of them, 54,4 % live in urban areas and 87 % have access to safe drinking water, lower than the national average of 89%. [1]. Of the active population of the province, 23,3 % work in agriculture, 17,9 % in constructions, 9,9 % in industry, and 48,9 % in the services sector. 21,1 % of the population is unemployed.[2]

Geography

The territory of the province (4.101 km², or 1,583 sq mi) is mainly composed of arable lands (about 49 %) or 1.89 km² of which about 100 km² is irrigated, and the rest is rainfed. In the area surrounding Guelma, around 130 km² is irrigable, 110 km² in the area between Oued Zenati and Tamlouka, and 20 km² around Bouchegouf. Forests cover about 31 % of the total area, which equals 0.9 km² composed mainly of Aleppo Pine, Algerian Oak and Cork Oak. Areas dedicated for future industrial developpement, called activity zones in Algeria cover 2 km². [3]

Administrative divisions

The province is divided into 10 districts (daïras), which are further divided into 34 communes or municipalities.[2]

Districts

Communes

Notable residents

References

External links


ar:ولاية قالمة ca:Província de Guelma de:Guelma (Provinz) es:Provincia de Guelma fa:استان قالمه fr:Wilaya de Guelma gl:Provincia de Guelma it:Provincia di Guelma sw:Jimbo ya Guelma (Aljeria) lad:Wilaya de Guelma lt:Gelmos vilaja nl:Guelma (provincie) no:Guelma (provins) pl:Prowincja Kalima pt:Guelma ro:Provincia Guelma ru:Гельма (провинция) sv:Guelma (provins) tg:Вилояти Қолма tr:Kalime Vilayeti ur:صوبہ قالمہ vi:Guelma (tỉnh) war:Guelma (lalawigan) zh:盖勒马省