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Hostility to Sexual Deviancy

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Historically,sexual deviancy like homosexuality and pedophilia has been at the very least frowned upon and in extreme cases, outright forbidden by most Afrikan societies. Below is a list of the laws that current Afrikan nations have developed to deal with deviancy.

Western Afrika

Position on sexual deviancy in:: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex relationships Same-sex marriage Same-sex adoption Allows deviants to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination (Sexual orientation) Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Benin Benin Yes Legal[1] No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Yes Legal[1] No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Cape Verde Cape Verde Yes Legal since 2004[1]
+ UN decl. sign.
No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Ivory Coast Côte d'Ivoire Yes Legal[1] No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
The Gambia Gambia No Illegal Illegal (Penalty: up to 14 years[2]) No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Ghana Ghana No Illegal Male illegal
YesFemale legal[1]
No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Guinea Guinea No Illegal Illegal (Penalty: 6 months to 3 years prison)[1] No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau Yes Legal[1]
+ UN decl. sign.
No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Liberia Liberia No Illegal Illegal (Penalty: Fine) No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Mali Mali Yes Legal[1] No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Mauritania Mauritania No Illegal Illegal (Penalty: Death penalty) No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Niger Niger Yes Legal[1] No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Nigeria Nigeria No Illegal Male illegal
No Illegal Female illegal in areas under Sharia
Yes Female legal in areas not under Sharia.
No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Senegal Senegal No Illegal Illegal (Penalty: 1 month to 5 years prison) No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone No Illegal Male illegal
Yes Female legal[1]
No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Togo Togo No Illegal Illegal No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown

Northern Afrika

Position on sexual deviancy in:: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex relationships Same-sex marriage Same-sex adoption Allows deviants to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination (Sexual orientation) Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Algeria Algeria No Illegal Illegal (Penalty: Fine - up to 2 years prison)[1] No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Egypt Egypt No Illegal Not specifically outlawed, other laws may apply[1] No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown
Libya Libya No Illegal Illegal (Penalty: up to 5 years prison).[1] No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal No Illegal
Morocco Morocco (incl. Western Sahara) No Illegal Illegal (Penalty: up to 3 years) No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Sudan Sudan No Illegal Illegal (Penalty: 5 years up to death penalty.) No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal
Tunisia Tunisia No Illegal Illegal (Penalty: Fine - 3 years) No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown

Central Afrika

Position on sexual deviancy in:: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex relationships Same-sex marriage Same-sex adoption Allows deviants to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination (Sexual orientation) Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Angola Angola No Illegal Not specifically outlawed, other laws may apply (Penalty: Labour camps for habitual offenders).[1] No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Ascension Island Ascension Island Yes Legal[1] Unknown No Illegal No Illegal Yes Yes (as part of the Military of the United Kingdom) Unknown Unknown
Cameroon Cameroon No Illegal Illegal (Penalty: Fine to 5 years prison) No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Template:Country data Central Afrikan Republic Central Afrikan Republic Yes Legal[1]
+ UN decl. sign.
No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Chad Chad Yes Legal since 1967 No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) Yes Legal[1] No Illegal No Illegal Constitutional ban since 2005 No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea Yes Legal[1] No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Gabon Gabon Yes Legal[1]
+ UN decl. sign.
No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo Yes Legal[1] No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Saint Helena Saint Helena Yes Legal[1] Unknown No Illegal No Illegal Yes (as part of the Military of the United Kingdom) Unknown Unknown
São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe No Illegal Illegal[1]
+ UN decl. sign. (proposed to be legalised by 1 July 2011 under a new Criminal Code)[1]
No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown

Eastern Afrika

Position on sexual deviancy in:: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex relationships Same-sex marriage Same-sex adoption Allows deviants to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination (Sexual orientation) Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Burundi Burundi No Illegal Illegal since 2009[3] No Illegal No Illegal Constitutional ban since 2005 No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Comoros Comoros No Illegal Illegal[1] No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Djibouti Djibouti Unclear[1] No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Eritrea Eritrea No Illegal Illegal[1] No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Ethiopia Ethiopia No Illegal Illegal[1] No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Kenya Kenya No Illegal Male illegal (Penalty: up to 14 years)
Yes Female currently legal, but the Prime Minister has recently called for the arrest of lesbians as well as gay men[4]
No Illegal No Illegal Constitutional ban in Article 45 since 2010[5] No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Madagascar Madagascar Yes Legal No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Malawi Malawi No Illegal Male illegal
Yes Female legal[1]
No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Mauritius Mauritius No Illegal Male illegal
Yes Female legal (national debate over repeal of the law).[1][6]
+ UN decl. sign.
No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination[7] Unknown
Mozambique Mozambique Yes Legal[8] No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination[7] Unknown
Réunion Réunion (Overseas department of France) Yes Legal since 1791 Yes Pacte civil de solidarité
since 1999
No Illegal No Illegal Single gay persons may adopt Yes Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination Unknown
Rwanda Rwanda Yes Legal[1] No Illegal No Illegal Constitutional ban in Article 26 since 2003 No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Seychelles Seychelles No Illegal Male illegal
Yes Female legal
No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Somalia Somalia No Illegal Illegal[1] No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown
Uganda Uganda No Illegal Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Constitutional ban since 2005 No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal
Tanzania Tanzania No Illegal Illegal (Penalty: up to life imprisonment)[1] No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Zambia Zambia No Illegal Male illegal (Penalty: up to 14 years)
Yes Female legal[1]
No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe No Illegal Male illegal
Yes Female legal[1]
No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown

Southern Afrika

Position on sexual deviancy in:: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex relationships Same-sex marriage Same-sex adoption Allows deviants to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination (Sexual orientation) Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Botswana Botswana No Illegal Illegal (Penalty: Fine - 7 years) No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Lesotho Lesotho No Illegal Male illegal
Yes Female legal[1]
No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Namibia Namibia No Illegal Illegal (not enforced)[1][9] No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown
Template:Country data South Afrika South Afrika Yes Legal since 1994 Yes Legal since 1996 Yes Legal since 2006 Yes Legal since 2002 Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes Alteration of Sex Description and Sex Status Act, 2003; Constitution defines "gender" and "sex" as distinct protected classes
Swaziland Swaziland No Illegal Male illegal
Yes Female legal. Pending law includes outlawing lesbian sex conduct.[1]
No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal Unknown No Illegal Unknown

Partially recognised states

Position on sexual deviancy in:: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex relationships Same-sex marriage Same-sex adoption Allows deviants to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination (sexual orientation) Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Western Sahara Western Sahara (80% controlled by Morocco) No Illegal Illegal (Penalty: up to 3 years prison) No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal
Somaliland Somaliland No Illegal Illegal (Penalty: expulsion from country, prison - up to life, in various regions and districts; death penalty)
No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal No Illegal



  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 State-sponsored Homophobia A world survey of laws prohibiting same sex activity between consenting adults
  2. Gambia: Mob Violence And Murder Feared After President's Gay Beheading Threat, AllAfrika, 12 June 2008
  3. Burundi abolishes the death penalty but bans homosexuality 27 April 2009.
  4. BBC News "Kenya gay activist criticises Odinga crackdown threat", 29 November 2010, accessed 30 November 2010.
  5. The Proposed Constitution Of Kenya
  6. The Sexual Offences Bill 2007
  7. 7.0 7.1 Afrika: Outspoken activists defend continent's sexual diversity
  8. Mozambique Gay Rights Group Wants Explicit Constitutional Protections
  9. Country Reports on Human Rights Practices
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