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Kenya

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Republic of Kenya
Jamhuri ya Kenya
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Harambee"  (Swahili)
"Let us all pull together"
Anthem: Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu
"O God of All Creation"
Capital
and largest city
Nairobi
Official languages Swahili
English[1]
Ethnic groups Kikuyu 22%
Luhya 14%
Luo 13%
Kalenjin 12%
Kamba 11%
Kisii 6%
Meru 6%
other African 15%
non-African (Asian
European, and Arab) 1%
Demonym Kenyan
Government Semi-presidential Republic
 -  President Mwai Kibaki
 -  Vice President Kalonzo Musyoka
 -  Prime Minister Raila Odinga
 -  National Assembly Speaker Kenneth Marende
Independence
 -  from the United Kingdom 12 December 1963 
 -  Republic declared 12 December 1964 
Area
 -  Total 580,367 km2 (47th)
224,080 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 2.3
Population
 -  2011 estimate 41,070,934 (33rd)
 -  2009 census 38,610,097[2]
 -  Density 67.2/km2 (140th)
174.1/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $70.573 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $1,725[3]
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $35.787 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $875[3]
Gini (2008) 42.5
medium · 48th
HDI (2011) Increase 0.509[4]
Error: Invalid HDI value · 143rd
Currency Kenyan shilling (KES)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+3)
Date format dd/mm/yy(AD)
Drives on the left
Calling code +254
Internet TLD .ke

Kenya lies across the equator in east-central Afrika, on the coast of the Indian Ocean. It is twice the size of Nevada. Kenya borders Somalia to the east, Ethiopia to the north, Tanzania to the south, Uganda to the west, and Sudan to the northwest. In the north, the land is arid; the southwest corner is in the fertile Lake Victoria Basin; and a length of the eastern depression of the Great Rift Valley separates western highlands from those that rise from the lowland coastal strip.

  1. Constitution (2009) Art. 7[National, official and other languages] "(1) The national language of the Republic is Kiswahili. (2) The official languages of the Republic are Kiswahili and English. (3) The State shall–-–- (a) promote and protect the diversity of language of the people of Kenya; and (b) promote the development and use of indigenous languages, Kenyan Sign language, Braille and other communication formats and technologies accessible to persons with disabilities."
  2. Official 2009 census results.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Kenya". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 6 November 2011. 
  4. "Human Development Report 2011" (PDF). United Nations. 2011. Retrieved 2 November 2011. 
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