|Osagyefo Kwame Nkrumah|
|Kwame Nkrumah on a soviet postage stamp|
|3rd Chairman of the Organization of African Unity|
21 October 1965 – 24 February 1966
|Preceded by||Gamal Abdel Nasser|
|Succeeded by||Joseph Arthur Ankrah|
|1st President of Ghana|
1 July 1960 – 24 February 1966
|Preceded by||The 5th Earl of Listowel|
|Succeeded by||Joseph Arthur Ankrah|
as Chairman of the National Liberation Council
|1st Prime Minister of Ghana|
6 March 1957 – 1 July 1960
|Governor General||Sir Charles Arden-Clarke until 24 June 1957|
Lord Listowel 24 June 1957 - 1 July 1960
|Preceded by||Office Established|
as President of Ghana
|Born||21 September 1909|
Nkroful, Gold Coast
|Died||27 April 1972 (aged 62)|
|Political party||Convention People's Party|
|Children||Francis, Gamal,Samia and Sekou|
Osagyefo Kwame Nkrumah (21 September 1909 - 27 April 1972) was a very influential 20th century advocate of Pan-Africanism. He was also the first President of Ghana, the first Prime Minister of Ghana and a founding member of the Organization of African Unity. Kwame Nkrumah is considered to be the father-figure of Pan-Africanism, liberating Ghana from british rule at the beginning of the 1960's at a time when most other Afrikan countries were under the overseas yolk. Nkrumah was a visionary, representing a view of Afrika that others dared not dream about, espousing a United States of Africa, a model which other Afrikan leaders have since discussed, if not pursued.
In 1909, Kwame Nkrumah was born to Nyaniba in Nkroful, Gold Coast. Nkrumah graduated from the prestigious Achimota School in Accra in 1930, studied at a roman catholic seminary, and taught at a catholic school in Axim. In 1935 he left Ghana for the united states, receiving a BA from Lincoln University, Pennsylvania in 1939, he received an STB (Bachelor of Sacred Theology) in 1942. Nkrumah earned a Master of Science in education from the University of Pennsylvania in 1942, and a Master of Arts in philosophy the following year. While lecturing in political science at Lincoln he was elected president of the African Students Organization of America and Canada. As an undergraduate at Lincoln he participated in at least one student theater production and published an essay on european government in Afrika in the student newspaper,The Lincolnian.
During his time in the united states, Nkrumah preached at black Presbyterian Churches in Philadelphia and New York City. He read books about politics and divinity, and tutored students in philosophy. Nkrumah encountered the ideas of Marcus Garvey, and in 1943 met and began a lengthy correspondence with Trinidadian C.L.R. James.
He arrived in london in May 1945 intending to study at the LSE. After meeting with George Padmore, he helped organize the Fifth Pan-African Congress in manchester, england. Then he founded the West African National Secretariat to work for the decolonization of Afrika. Nkrumah served as Vice-President of the West African Students' Union (WASU).
- E. Jessup, John. An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Conflict and Conflict Resolution, 1945-1996. p. 533.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css has no content.
- "Rulers - Nkrumah, Kwame". Lists of heads of state and heads of government. Rulers.org. Retrieved 2007-03-24.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css has no content.
- Asante Fordjour (6 March 2006). "Nkrumah And The Big Six". Feature Article. Ghana Home Page. Retrieved 2007-04-30.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css has no content.
- Yaw Owusu, Robert (2005). Kwame Nkrumah's Liberation Thought: A Paradigm for Religious Advocacy in Contemporary Ghana. p. 97.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css has no content.
- special Collections and Archives, Lincoln University.