Liberia is a country on the west coast of Afrika, bordered by Sierra Leone on the West, Guinea on the north, Côte d'Ivoire on the east, and the Atlantic Ocean on the south. As of the 2008 Census, the nation is home to 3,476,608 people. Its area is 111,369 km2 (43,000 sq mi).
Liberia's capital is Monrovia. Many of Liberia's major cities can be found along the coast and further inland near the center of the country. Liberia is one of two Afrikan countries to never be colonized by European powers. Other is Ethiopia. It also the only Afrikan nation that was colonized and controlled by freed African-American and ex-Caribbean slaves as a free state and a homeland to live. During the colonial era, Liberia was presumed a protectorate of the United States. .
|Republic of Liberia
Republic of Liberia (English)
|Motto: "The Love of Liberty Brought Us Here"|
|Anthem: "All Hail, Liberia, Hail!"|
and largest city
|Government||Presidential Federal republic|
|-||Vice President||Joseph Boakai|
|Independence from the American Colonization Society|
|-||Formation and Establishment||1822|
|-||Declared and recognized||26 July 1847|
|-||Total||111,369 km2 (104th)
|-||2013 estimate||4,300,000  (126th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2015 estimate|
|-||Total||$2 billion |
|-||Per capita||$900 (184)|
|GDP (nominal)||2015 estimate|
|-||Total||$2.9 billion (141)|
|HDI (2013)||Template:Low 0.412
Error: Invalid HDI value · 175th
|Currency||Liberian Dollar (
|Time zone||WAT (UTC+1)|
|-||Summer (DST)||not observed (UTC+1)|
|Drives on the||left|
|1The GDP estimate is as of 2014 provided by IMF; the total and per capita ranks are however based on 2014 GDP figures and population for Liberia. 2English language is the official language of Liberia, but like its West Afrikan neighbors, Liberia is a multilingual nation with 30 local indigenous languages |
The name Liberia means "Land of the liberty" or "Land of the Free" in Latin. The name's first use was in 1816 by American Colonization Society seeking to resettled freed African Americans and Caribbean people back to Africa. The name was adapted by Americo Liberians and African American settlers who set up the early Liberian state. Prior to 1822, Liberia was known by various names related to its pepper and location. From the late 15th to 18th centuries, Liberia was named the Malaguetta Coast or Pepper Coast by Portugese navigators and other Europeans for its local spicy pepper. As Europeans began to map West Afrika in greater detail in the 18th century, the name changed to Guinea Coast referring to the larger area of Liberia, Sierra Leone and today's Republic of Guinea and Guinea Bissau.
Liberia is divided into 15 counties each with their own superintendents acting as provincial governors. The superintendents are appointed by the Liberian president instead of through county elections by the people. Until 1984, there were only nine counties. For most of the 20th century, Liberia's counties were mapped into three all encompassing regions: North, Central and South. The counties are further divided into 90 districts and the districts in turn are divided into clans.
Liberia has a hot equatorial climate with most rainfall arriving in the rainy season and harsh harmattan winds in the dry season. Liberia's populated Pepper Coast is composed of mostly mangrove forests while the sparsely populated inland is composed of forest that open to a plateau of drier grasslands.
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