Yirgachefe (also transliterated Irgachefe) is one of the 77 woredas in the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region of Ethiopia, named after its major town Yirgachefe. Part of the Gedeo Zone, Yirgachefe is bordered on the south by Kochere, on the west by the Oromia Zone, on the north by Wenago, and on the east by Bule.
According to a 2004 report, Yirgachefe had 19 kilometers of asphalt roads, 56 kilometers of all-weather roads and 8 kilometers of dry-weather roads, for an average road density of 276 kilometers per 1000 square kilometers.
Coffee is an important cash crop; Esayas Kebede, head of coffee development at the Ethiopian Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development reported over 600 square kilometers were planted with it in the 2007/2008 season, and expected to produce 30,000 tonnes of coffee beans.
Based on figures published by the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, this woreda has an estimated total population of 198,181, of whom 98,975 are men and 99,206 are women; 20,979 or 10.59% of its population are urban dwellers, which is less than the Zone average of 14.4%. With an estimated area of 301.1 square kilometers, Yirgachefe has an estimated population density of 658.2 people per square kilometer, which is greater than the Zone average of 617.5.
In the 1994 Census this woreda had a population of 137,372, of whom 68,803 were men and 68,569 women; 11,579 or 8.43% of its population were urban dwellers. The three largest ethnic groups reported in Yirgachefe were the Gedeo (81.34%), the Oromo (10.89%), the Amhara (3.48%), the Gurage (2.2%), and the Silte (0.73%); all other ethnic groups made up 1.36% of the population. Gedeo was spoken as a first language by 81.6%, 10.2% spoke Oromiffa, and 6.78% spoke Amharic; the remaining 1.42% spoke all other primary languages reported. 39.96% of the population said they were Protestants, 27.49% observed traditional religions, 24.6% practiced Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, 3.75% were Catholics, and 2.39% were Muslim.
- "Detailed statistics on roads", SNNPR Bureau of Finance and Economic Development website (accessed 15 September 2009)
- "Ethiopia: Yirgachefe eyes 30,000 tonnes of coffee" (Reuters; accessed 13 December 2007)
- CSA 2005 National Statistics, Tables B.3 and B.4
- 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region, Vol. 1, part 1, Tables 2.1, 2.7, 2.12, 2.15, 2.19 (accessed 30 December 2008)
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