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Black Panther Party
Founded 1966 (1966)
Dissolved c. 1982
Ideology Black nationalism (early), Marxism-Leninism, Maoism, proletarian internationalism, socialism
Political position Far-left
International affiliation Algeria, Cuba, France
Colors Black, light blue

The Black Panther Party (originally the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense) was an African-American revolutionary leftist organization. It was active in the United States from 1966 until 1982. The Black Panther Party achieved national and international impact through its deep involvement in the Black Power movement and in U.S. politics of the 1960s and 70s. The intense anti-racism of that time is today considered one of the most significant social, political and cultural currents in U.S. history. The group's "provocative rhetoric, militant posture, and cultural and political flourishes permanently altered the contours of American Identity."[1]

  1. , Curtis. Life of A Party. Crisis ; Sep/Oct2006, Vol. 113 Issue 5, p30-37, 8p
Black Panther Party
Founders
Huey P. Newton (Revolutionary Suicide, 1973) · Bobby Seale
Members & Former Members
Ashanti Alston · Richard Aoki · Charles Barron · William Lee Brent · Elaine Brown · Stokely Carmichael · Bunchy Carter · Eldridge Cleaver · Kathleen Neal Cleaver · Donald Cox · Angela Davis · Aaron Dixon · Lorenzo Kom'boa Ervin · James Forman · Billy Garland · David Hilliard · Ericka Huggins · John Huggins · George Jackson · Jamal Joseph · Chaka Khan · Robert Hillary King · Pete O'Neal · Larry Pinkney · Alex Rackley · Malik Rahim · Nile Rodgers · Bobby Rush · Afeni Shakur · Robert Trivers · Dhoruba bin Wahad
Members Ensnared By COINTELPRO
Angola Three · Mumia Abu-Jamal · H. Rap Brown · Warren Kimbro · Lonnie McLucas · Geronimo Pratt · George W. Sams, Jr. · Assata Shakur
Members Murdered by Enforcement Officials of White Supremacy
Mark Clark · Fred Hampton · Bobby Hutton
Influences
Malcolm X · Lowndes County Freedom Organization · Maoism · Communism · Frantz Fanon · Black Power · Robert F. Williams|
Related to BPP
Free Breakfast for Children · 1968 Olympics Black Power salute · COINTELPRO · Betty Van Patter · New Haven Black Panther trials · White Panther Party · Robert Templeton · The Murder of Fred Hampton (1971) · Panther (1995) · New Black Panther Party