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Maryland County
Location in Liberia
Location in Liberia
Country  Liberia
Capital Harper
Largest city (Pleebo)
Districts 7
Established 1857
Government
 • Superintendent Sie Teba Neufville
Area
 • Total 2,297 km2 (887 sq mi)
Population
 (2008)
 • Total 13,604
 • Density 59.4/km2 (154/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+0 (GMT)

Maryland County is a county in the southeastern portion of the West African nation of Liberia. One of 15 counties that comprise the first-level of administrative division in the nation, it has two districts. Harper serves as the capital with the area of the county measuring 2,297 square kilometres (887 sq mi).[1] As of the 2008 Census, it had a population of 136,404, making it the seventh most populous county in Liberia.[1]

Named after the State of Maryland in the United States, it joined Liberia in 1857. The most populous city in the county is Pleebo with 22,963 residents, while Maryland's County Superintendent is Sie Teba Neufville.[1][2] The county is bordered by Grand Kru County to the west and River Gee County to the north. The eastern part of Maryland borders the nation of Côte d'Ivoire, separated by the Cavalla River.

History

Maryland was first established as a colony of the Maryland State Colonization Society 1834[3] but was not granted independence until 1854. The Maryland colony declared its independence from the Colonization Society but did not become part of the Republic of Liberia. It held the land along the coast between the Grand Cess and San Pedro Rivers. In 1856, the independent state of Maryland (Africa) requested military aid from Liberia in a war with the Grebo and Kru peoples who were resisting the Maryland settlers' efforts to control their trade in slaves. President Roberts assisted the Marylanders, and a joint military campaign by both groups of Americo-Liberian colonists resulted in victory. On February 28, 1857, the Republic of Maryland joined Liberia as Maryland County.[4] As of the 1984 Census, the county had a population of 69,267.[1] As of May 2004, a DRC census estimated the county's population to be 107,100.

Districts

Districts of Maryland County include (2008 population):[1]

  • Gwelekpoken (9,875)
  • Harper (37,289)
  • Karluway #1 (7,539)
  • Karluway #2 (18,017)
  • Nyonken (11,161)
  • Pleebo/Sodoken (43,580)
  • Whojah (8,943)

Details

Farming is the main economic activity in Maryland County, accounting for the employment of approximately 60% of residents. Rice and cassava are the main crops raised in the county. The flag of Maryland County, Liberia, consists of a drawing of a tree and a lighthouse on a cliff with a small Liberian flag in the upper left corner.

In 2007 WBAL-TV in Baltimore produced a special titled Africa's Maryland, which focused on this region and its cultural roots to the state Maryland.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "2008 National Population and Housing Census: Preliminary Results" (PDF). Government of the Republic of Liberia. 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-14.
  2. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 17: bad argument #1 to 'old_pairs' (table expected, got nil).
  3. http://books.google.com/books?id=jx8SAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA42&lpg=PA42
  4. Starr, Frederick (1913). Liberia: Description, History, Problems. Chicago. p. 91.

External links

bg:Мериленд (окръг в Либерия) de:Maryland (Liberia) es:Condado de Maryland eu:Maryland (Liberia) fr:Comté de Maryland it:Contea di Maryland nl:Maryland (county) ja:メリーランド郡 no:Maryland (Liberia) pt:Maryland (Libéria) fi:Maryland (Liberia) zh:馬麗蘭縣