Location in Liberia
Largest city (Pleebo)
|• Superintendent||Sie Teba Neufville|
|• Total||2,297 km2 (887 sq mi)|
|• Density||59.4/km2 (154/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+0 (GMT)|
Maryland County is a county in the southeastern portion of the West African nation of Liberia. One of 15 counties that comprise the first-level of administrative division in the nation, it has two districts. Harper serves as the capital with the area of the county measuring 2,297 square kilometres (887 sq mi). As of the 2008 Census, it had a population of 136,404, making it the seventh most populous county in Liberia.
Named after the State of Maryland in the United States, it joined Liberia in 1857. The most populous city in the county is Pleebo with 22,963 residents, while Maryland's County Superintendent is Sie Teba Neufville. The county is bordered by Grand Kru County to the west and River Gee County to the north. The eastern part of Maryland borders the nation of Côte d'Ivoire, separated by the Cavalla River.
Maryland was first established as a colony of the Maryland State Colonization Society 1834 but was not granted independence until 1854. The Maryland colony declared its independence from the Colonization Society but did not become part of the Republic of Liberia. It held the land along the coast between the Grand Cess and San Pedro Rivers. In 1856, the independent state of Maryland (Africa) requested military aid from Liberia in a war with the Grebo and Kru peoples who were resisting the Maryland settlers' efforts to control their trade in slaves. President Roberts assisted the Marylanders, and a joint military campaign by both groups of Americo-Liberian colonists resulted in victory. On February 28, 1857, the Republic of Maryland joined Liberia as Maryland County. As of the 1984 Census, the county had a population of 69,267. As of May 2004, a DRC census estimated the county's population to be 107,100.
- Gwelekpoken (9,875)
- Harper (37,289)
- Karluway #1 (7,539)
- Karluway #2 (18,017)
- Nyonken (11,161)
- Pleebo/Sodoken (43,580)
- Whojah (8,943)
Farming is the main economic activity in Maryland County, accounting for the employment of approximately 60% of residents. Rice and cassava are the main crops raised in the county. The flag of Maryland County, Liberia, consists of a drawing of a tree and a lighthouse on a cliff with a small Liberian flag in the upper left corner.
- "2008 National Population and Housing Census: Preliminary Results" (PDF). Government of the Republic of Liberia. 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-14.
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- Starr, Frederick (1913). Liberia: Description, History, Problems. Chicago. p. 91.
- CIA World Factbook
- Doctors without Borders in Harper, Liberia offers photos and one man's journal of the living conditions in Maryland County.
- WBAL-TV's documentary, "Africa's Maryland"
- County Development Agenda
- Place name codes
bg:Мериленд (окръг в Либерия) de:Maryland (Liberia) es:Condado de Maryland eu:Maryland (Liberia) fr:Comté de Maryland it:Contea di Maryland nl:Maryland (county) ja:メリーランド郡 no:Maryland (Liberia) pt:Maryland (Libéria) fi:Maryland (Liberia) zh:馬麗蘭縣