Amaro is one of the 79 woredas in the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region (SNNPR) of Ethiopia. Because Amaro is not part of any Zone in the SNNPR, it is considered a special woreda, an administrative subdivision which is similar to an autonomous area. Located in the Great Rift Valley, Amaro is bordered on the south by Burji special woreda, on the east by Gamo Gofa and Lake Chamo, and on the north and east by the Oromia Region. It is divided into 32 kebeles. The administrative center of the woreda is Kele.
The highest peak in the woreda is Mount Delo (3240 meters), which is part of the Amaro mountains. Much of the western part of this woreda lies inside the Nechisar National Park. The major crops grown in Amaro are teff, corn, wheat, barley, navy beans, and coffee. Amaro has 39 kilometers of all-weather roads and 16 kilometers of dry-weather roads, for an average road density of 36 kilometers per 1000 square kilometers. The Central Statistical Agency (CSA) reported that 1,082 tons of coffee were produced in the year ending in 2005, based on inspection records from the Ethiopian Coffee and Tea authority. This represents 0.48% of the SNNPR's output and 1.08% of Ethiopia's total output.
This woreda was selected as one of the three areas for Agri-Service Ethiopia to implement an Integrated Food Security Program. This Program operates in 10 of the woreda's kebeles, with the goal of improving agricultural practices, developing new rural water sources, and maintain and improve the existing local schools.
Based on the 2007 Census conducted by the Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia (CSA), this woreda has a total population of 149,231, of whom 75,202 are men and 74,029 women. With an area of 1,422.16 square kilometers, Amaro has a population density of 104.93; 8,633 or 5.78% are urban inhabitants. A total of 28,969 households were counted in this woreda, which results in an average of 5.15 persons to a household, and 27,941 housing units.
In the 1994 Census this woreda had a population of 98,315 in 19,060 households, of whom 49,277 were men and 49,038 women; 3,059 or 3.11% of its population were urban dwellers. The two largest ethnic groups reported in Amaro were the Koorete (93.11%), and the Amhara (0.8%); all other ethnic groups made up 6.19% of the population. Koorete was spoken as a first language by 97.79% of the inhabitants, 0.82% spoke Oromiffa, and 0.82% spoke Amharic; the remaining 0.57% spoke all other primary languages reported. 51.63% of the population said they were Protestants, 35.46% practiced traditional religions, and 10.38% practiced Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity. Concerning education, 22.76% of the population were considered literate; 10.54% of children aged 7-12 were in primary school; 1.32% of the children aged 13-14 were in junior secondary school, and 0.84% of the inhabitants aged 15-18 were in senior secondary school. Concerning sanitary conditions, about 36% of the urban houses and 9% of all houses had access to safe drinking water at the time of the census; 60% of the urban and 10% of the total had toilet facilities.
- "Operational Areas" (Agri-Service Ethiopia)
- "Detailed statistics on roads", SNNPR Bureau of Finance and Economic Development website (accessed 15 September 2009)
- CSA 2005 National Statistics, Table D.2
- Census 2007 Tables: Southern Peoples, Nations and Nationalities Region, Tables 2.1, 2.4, 2.5, 3.1, 3.2 and 3.4.
- 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region, Vol. 1, part 1, Tables 2.1, 2.7, 2.12, 2.15 (accessed 30 December 2008)
- 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region, Vol. 2, Table 2.21 (accessed 27 March 2009)
- 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region, Vol. 1, part 2, Tables 3.5, 3.7 (accessed 17 April 2009)
- 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region, Vol. 1, part 2, Tables 6.3, 6.11, 6.13 (accessed 17 April 2009)