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|Look up B or b in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
|Basic Latin alphabet|
B (/[unsupported input]/; named bee) is the second letter in the basic modern Latin alphabet. It is used to represent a variety of bilabial sounds (depending on language), most commonly a voiced bilabial plosive.
The modern lowercase ‹b› derives from later Roman times, when scribes began omitting the upper loop of the capital.
|Blackletter B||Uncial B|
|Modern Roman B||Modern Italic B||Modern Script B|
In English and most other languages that use the Latin alphabet, ‹b› denotes the voiced bilabial plosive //, as in bib. In English it is sometimes silent; most instances are derived from old monosyllablic words with the b final and immediately preceded by an m, such as lamb and bomb; a few are examples of etymological spelling to make the word more like its Latin original, such as debt or doubt. In Estonian, Icelandic, and in Chinese, ‹b› does not denote a voiced consonant; instead, it represents a voiceless /p/ that contrasts with either a geminated /pp/ (in Estonian) or an aspirated /pʰ/ (in Chinese, Danish and Icelandic), represented by ‹p›. In Fijian ‹b› represents a prenasalized /mb/, whereas in Zulu and Xhosa it represents an implosive /ɓ/, in contrast to the digraph ‹bh› which represents /b/.
Finnish only uses ‹b› in loanwords.
In the International Phonetic Alphabet and X-SAMPA, ‹b› denotes the voiced bilabial plosive. Variants of ‹b› denote related bilabial consonants, like the voiced bilabial implosive and the bilabial trill. In X-SAMPA, capital ‹B› denotes the voiced bilabial fricative.
‹B› is also a musical note. Its value varies depending on the region; a ‹b› in Anglophone countries represents a note that is a semitone higher than the B note in Northern Continental Europe. (Anglophone B is represented in Northern Europe with ‹H›.) Archaic forms of ‹b›, the b quadratum (square b, ♮) and b rotundum (round b, ♭) remain in use for musical notation as the symbols for natural and flat, respectively.
In Contracted (grade 2) English braille, ‹b› stands for "but" when in isolation.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to B.|
- В, в : Ve (Cyrillic)
- Б, б: Be (Cyrillic)
- The Semitic letter Bet
- B postcode area (United Kingdom)
- Β, β: Beta
- ב: Beth
- Ъ, ъ, also known as the hard sign, back yer, yer, jer, er, or tvyordiy znak, is shaped like the letter b, but has no phonetic value on its own in modern East Slavic languages. The ъ serves as an orthographic device that indicates that the consonant preceding the ъ is not palatalized.
- Ь, ь, also known as the soft sign, front yer, or myagkiy znak, is also shaped like the letter b, but has no phonetic value on its own in modern East Slavic languages. The ь serves as orthographic device that indicates that the consonant preceding the ь is softened or palatalized.
- "B" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "bee", op. cit.
ace:B af:B als:B ar:B an:B arc:B ast:B az:B zh-min-nan:B be:B, літара be-x-old:B (літара) bs:B br:B (lizherenn) ca:B cs:B co:B cy:B da:B de:B dv:B et:B el:B eml:B es:B eo:B eu:B fa:B fr:B (lettre) fy:B fur:B gv:Beih (lettyr) gd:B gl:B gan:B xal:B үзг ko:B hr:B io:B ilo:B id:B ia:B is:B it:B he:B ka:B kw:B sw:B ht:B ku:B (tîp) la:B lv:B lb:B lt:B lmo:B hu:B mk:B (Латиница) mg:B ml:B mr:B mzn:B ms:B my:B nah:B nl:B (letter) ja:B no:B nn:B nrm:B uz:B (harf) pl:B pt:B crh:B ro:B qu:B ru:B (латиница) se:B stq:B scn:B simple:B sk:B sl:B szl:B sr:B (слово латинице) sh:B fi:B sv:B tl:B th:B tr:B (harf) tk:B uk:B (латиниця) vi:B vo:B war:B yi:B yo:B zh-yue:B diq:B bat-smg:B zh:B