Bako Gazer is one of the 79 woredas in the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region of Ethiopia. Part of the Debub Omo Zone, Bako Gazer is bordered on the south by Hamer Bena, on the west by the Mago River which separates it from Selamago, and on the north by the Basketo special woreda, on the northeast by the Gamo Gofa Zone, and on the east by the Weito River which separates it from the Dirashe special woreda; part of the southern boundary is defined by the Neri River. The administrative center of this woreda is Jinka; other towns in Bako Gazer include Tolta and Wub Hamer.
Bako Gazar wereda, around the zonal capital of Jinka, is located in the intensively cultivated middle altitudes, and could be said to mark the south-western limits of the traditional Ethiopian highland ox-plough agriculture. The highest point in the woreda is Mount Mago (2528 meters). Rivers include the Maki. The Omo National Park covers part of the southwestern corner between the Mago and Neri Rivers. According to a 2004 report, Bako Gazer had 59 kilometers of all-weather roads and 84 kilometers of dry-weather roads, for an average road density of 33 kilometers per 1000 square kilometers.
Based on figures published by the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, this woreda has an estimated total population of 298,534, of whom 148,088 were males and 150,446 were females; 9,276 or 3.11% of its population are urban dwellers, which is less than the Zone average of 8.5%. With an estimated area of 4,284.07 square kilometers, Bako Gazer has an estimated population density of 69.7 people per square kilometer, which is greater than the Zone average of 21.1.
In the 1994 national census Bako Gazer had a population of 206,913, of whom 104,286 were men and 102,627 women; 17,527 or 8.47% of its population were urban dwellers. The five largest ethnic groups reported in this woreda were the Aari (66.5%), the Male (21.34%), the Amhara (7.82%), the Goffa (1.12%), and the Basketo (0.93%); all other ethnic groups made up 2.29% of the population. Aari was spoken as a first language by 67.14% of the inhabitants, 21.67% spoke Male, 8.57% spoke Amharic, 0.82% spoke Basketo, and 0.81% spoke Gofa; the remaining 0.99% spoke all other primary languages reported. Concerning education, 13.5% of the population were considered literate. Concerning sanitary conditions, about 71% of the urban and 13% of the total had toilet facilities.
- "Preliminary examination of major factos affecting subsistence economy of South Omo Zone and Konso special wereda in South-western Ethiopia" UNDP-EUE Report, May 1996 (accessed 19 February 2009)
- "Detailed statistics on roads", SNNPR Bureau of Finance and Economic Development website (accessed 15 September 2009)
- CSA 2005 National Statistics, Tables B.3 and B.4
- 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region, Vol. 1, part 1, Tables 2.1, 2.7, 2.12, 2.15. (accessed 30 December 2008)
- 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region, Vol. 1, part 2, Table 3.7 (accessed 17 April 2009)
- 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region, Vol. 1, part 2, Table 6.11 (accessed 17 April 2009)