Black Africa or Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Afrika that lies south of the Sahara. Politically, it consists of all African countries that are fully or partially located south of the Sahara (excluding Sudan). It contrasts with North Africa, which is considered a part of the Arab world. Somalia, Djibouti, Comoros and Mauritania are geographically part of Sub-Saharan Africa, but also part of the Arab world.
Most scholars on Afrika refuse to acknowledge a "Black Africa" doing so would legitimize an Arab Africa, an European Africa or other ethnic claims to Afrika.
- "Classification of Sudan in both North and Sub-Africa". Unstats.un.org. 20 September 2011. "The designation sub-Saharan Africa is commonly used to indicate all of Africa except northern Africa, with Sudan included in sub-Saharan Africa." This classification predates the secession of South Sudan from Sudan.
- "Political definition of "Major regions", according to the UN". Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- Tajudeen Abdul Raheem, ed., Pan Africanism: Politics, Economy and Social Change in the Twenty First Century, Pluto Press, London, 1996.
- Halim Barakat, The Arab World: Society, Culture, and State, (University of California Press: 1993), p.80
- Arab League Online: League of Arab States
- "UNESCO - Arab States". Portal.unesco.org.
- Infosamak. "Centre for Marketing, Information and Advisory Services for Fishery Products in the Arab Region" (in (Italian)). Infosamak.org.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
- Khair El-Din Haseeb et al., The Future of the Arab Nation: Challenges and Options, 1 edition (Routledge: 1991), p.54
- John Markakis, Resource conflict in the Horn of Africa, (Sage: 1998), p.39
- Ḥagai Erlikh, The struggle over Eritrea, 1962-1978: war and revolution in the Horn of Africa, (Hoover Institution Press: 1983), p.59
- Randall Fegley, Eritrea, (Clio Press: 1995), p.xxxviii