|Bob Marley & The Wailers|
Bob Marley & the Wailers performing at Crystal Palace, London (1980)
|Also known as||The Wailing Rudeboys, The Wailing Wailers|
|Genres||Reggae, ska, rocksteady, roots reggae|
|Labels||Island, Tuff Gong, Trojan, Studio One, Beverley's|
|Associated acts||The Wailers Band, The Original Wailers, The Upsetters, I Threes|
|Past members||Bob Marley|
Bob Marley & The Wailers were a Jamaican reggae band created by Bob Marley. The band formed when self-taught musician Peter Tosh met Neville Livingston (Bunny Wailer), and Robert Nesta Marley (Bob Marley) in 1963 and taught them how to play guitar, keyboards, and percussion. By late 1963 Junior Braithwaite, Beverley Kelso, and Cherry Smith had joined The Wailers. After Peter Tosh and Bunny Wailer left the band in 1974, Bob Marley began touring with new band members. His new backing band included brothers Carlton and Aston "Family Man" Barrett on drums and bass respectively, Junior Marvin and Al Anderson on lead guitar, Tyrone Downie and Earl "Wya" Lindo on keyboards, and Alvin "Seeco" Patterson on percussion. The "I Threes", consisting of Judy Mowatt, Marcia Griffiths, and Marley's wife, Rita, provided backing vocals.
The band formed when self-taught musician Peter Tosh met Neville Livingston (Bunny Wailer), and Robert Nesta Marley (Bob Marley) in 1963 and taught them how to play guitar, keyboards, and percussion. By late 1963 Junior Braithwaite, Beverley Kelso, and Cherry Smith had joined The Wailers. They were known variously as The Teenagers, The Wailing Rudeboys, The Wailing Wailers and finally The Wailers. By 1966 Braithwaite, Kelso and Smith had left the band, which then consisted of the trio Livingston, Marley and Tosh (Neville Livingston being the birth name of Bunny Wailer).
Some of The Wailers most notable songs were recorded with Lee "Scratch" Perry and his studio band The Upsetters. During the early 1970s The Upsetters members Aston "Family Man" Barrett and his brother Carlton (Carlie) Barrett, formed the Wailers Band, providing instrumental backing for The Wailers.
The Wailers disbanded in 1974 due to Tosh and Livingston's refusal to tour. Bob Marley formed Bob Marley & The Wailers with Bob Marley himself as guitarist, songwriter and main singer, the Wailers Band as the backing band, and the I Threes as backup vocalists. The Wailers Band included the brothers Carlton Barrett and "Family Man" Barrett on drums and bass respectively, Junior Marvin and Al Anderson playing lead guitar, Tyrone Downie and Earl "Wya" Lindo playing keyboard, and Alvin "Seeco" Patterson playing percussion. The I Threes consisted of Bob Marley's wife Rita Marley, Judy Mowatt and Marcia Griffiths.
Livingston believed that producer Chris Blackwell, whom he called "Chris Whiteworst", was responsible for the bad relationship between the band members, as he thought Blackwell released their albums under "Bob Marley and the Wailers" instead of "the Wailers" since 1969, which tested their friendship. Perry released two compilation albums for Trojan Records in 1974, Rasta Revolution and African Herbsman, which contained songs from Soul Rebels and Soul Revolution, respectively, and he was the copyright holder of several songs from these albums. These changes caused a major dispute between Marley and Perry, when the former saw the albums, six months after their publication, in the Half Way Road in England.
Bob Marley & The Wailers, Peter Tosh, and Bunny Wailer all enjoyed considerable success as reggae music continued to gain popularity during the 1970s and 1980s.
Several of the group's members have died subsequent to Marley's death in 1981: Carlton Barrett and Tosh in 1987, Braithwaite in 1999, and Smith in 2008. Bunny Wailer and Beverley Kelso are the only surviving members of the group's original line-up.
- Bob Marley & The Wailers timeline
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id:vocals value:red legend:Vocals id:backing value:orange legend:Backing vocals id:guitar value:blue legend:Guitar id:bass value:purple legend:Bass id:drums value:green legend:Drums id:keyboards value:yellow legend:Keyboards id:percussion value:pink legend:Percussion id:Lines value:black legend:Studio albums
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bar:Bob text:"Bob Marley" bar:Peter text:"Peter Tosh" bar:Bunny text:"Bunny Wailer" bar:JuniorB text:"Junior Braithwaite" bar:Beverley text:"Beverley Kelso" bar:Cherry text:"Cherry Smith" bar:Constantine text:"Constantine Walker" bar:Aston text:"Aston Barrett" bar:Carlton text:"Carlton Barrett" bar:Earl text:"Earl Lindo" bar:JuniorM text:"Junior Marvin" bar:Al text:"Al Anderson" bar:Alvin text:"Alvin Patterson" bar:Rita text:"Rita Marley" bar:Marcia text:"Marcia Griffiths" bar:Judy text:"Judy Mowatt" bar:Tyrone text:"Tyrone Downie"
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bar:Bob from:start till:end color:vocals bar:Peter from:start till:01/01/1974 color:vocals bar:Bunny from:start till:01/01/1974 color:vocals bar:JuniorB from:start till:01/01/1964 color:vocals bar:Beverley from:start till:01/01/1965 color:backing bar:Cherry from:start till:01/01/1966 color:backing bar:Constantine from:01/01/1966 till:01/01/1967 color:backing bar:Aston from:01/12/1970 till:end color:bass bar:Carlton from:01/12/1970 till:end color:drums bar:Earl from:01/01/1973 till:end color:keyboards bar:JuniorM from:14/02/1977 till:end color:guitar bar:Al from:01/01/1974 till:01/01/1976 color:guitar bar:Al from:01/05/1978 till:end color:guitar bar:Alvin from:01/01/1974 till:end color:percussion bar:Rita from:01/01/1974 till:end color:backing bar:Marcia from:01/01/1974 till:end color:backing bar:Judy from:01/01/1974 till:end color:backing bar:Tyrone from:01/01/1976 till:end color:keyboards
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- The Wailing Wailers (1965)
- Soul Rebels (1970)
- Soul Revolution (1971)
- The Best of The Wailers (1971)
- Catch a Fire (1973)
- Burnin' (1973)
- Natty Dread (1974)
- Rastaman Vibration (1976)
- Exodus (1977)
- Kaya (1978)
- Survival (1979)
- Uprising (1980)
- Confrontation (1983)
- Apr–Jul 1973: Catch a Fire Tour (England, USA)
- Oct–Nov 1973: Burnin' Tour (USA, England)
- Jun–Jul 1975: Natty Dread Tour (USA, Canada, England)
- Apr–Jul 1976: Rastaman Vibration Tour (USA, Canada, Germany, Sweden, Netherlands, France, England, Wales)
- May–Jun 1977: Exodus Tour (France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Sweden, Denmark, England)
- May–Aug 1978: Kaya Tour (USA, Canada, England, France, Spain, Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Belgium)
- Apr–May 1979: Babylon by Bus Tour (Japan, New Zealand, Australia, Hawaii)
- Oct 1979–Jan 1980: Survival Tour (USA, Canada, Trinidad/Tobago, Bahamas, Gabon, Zimbabwe)
- May–Sep 1980: Uprising Tour (Switzerland, Germany, France, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Belgium, Netherlands, Italy, Spain, Ireland, England, Scotland, Wales, USA)
- Lee Scratch Perry Interview, New Musical Express, 17 November 1984
- Timothy White (2 May 2006). Catch a Fire: The Life of Bob Marley. Henry Holt. pp. 222–223. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
- Timothy White (2 May 2006). Catch a Fire: The Life of Bob Marley. Henry Holt. p. 224. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
- Palm Beach Post - Ermine Cherry Dempsey-Barker, former member of the Wailers, dies (October 12, 2008)
- Masouri, John (2007) Wailing Blues: The Story of Bob Marley's "Wailers" Wise Publications ISBN 1-84609-689-8
- Farley, Christopher (2007). Before the Legend: The Rise of Bob Marley, Amistad Press ISBN 0-06-053992-5
- Goldman, Vivien (2007) The Book of Exodus: The Making and Meaning of Bob Marley and the Wailers' Album of the Century Three Rivers Press ISBN 1-4000-5286-6
- Colin Grant (2011) The Natural Mystics : Marley, Tosh, Wailer, Jonathan Cape 978-0-224-08608-0 (U.K.), W.W. Norton & Company ISBN 978-0-393-08117-6 (U.S.)
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