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Map of Chad showing Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti

The Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti (BET) was until 2008 one of the then 18 (and now 22) regions of Chad, its capital being Faya-Largeau. It comprised the former Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti Prefecture. Most of the region was part of the Sahara desert.

In 2008, this region was split into three new regions: Borkou Region, Ennedi Region, and Tibesti Region.


The region of Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti was formerly divided into 4 departments:

Department Capital Sub-prefectures
Borkou Faya-Largeau Borkou Yala, Faya-Largeau, Kouba Olanga, Yebibou, Yarda
Ennedi Est Bahaï Bahaï, Bao Billiat, Kaoura, Mourdi
Ennedi Ouest Fada Fada, Gouro, Kalait, Ounianga
Tibesti Bardaï Aouzou, Bardaï, Wour, Zouar, Zoumri


The region had a population of 70,603 inhabitants in 1993, of whom 59,479 are sedentary and 11,124 nomad.

The main ethnico-linguistic groups are the Daza (55.96%), the Teda (22.63%), the Zaghawa (10.17%) and the Arabs (2.57%).

Natural history

There are a variety of fauna and flora in this region. Previously the African Wild Dog, Lycaon pictus, had populations in this region, but they are now regarded as extirpated from the area,[1] due to activities of humans as well as desertification, a phenomenon associated with the expanding human population.


Line notes

  1. C. Michael Hogan. 2009

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