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Borno State
Location of Borno State in Nigeria
Location of Borno State in Nigeria
Country Nigeria
Date created3 February 1976
 • Governor[1]Ali Modu Sheriff (ANPP)
 • Total70,898 km2 (27,374 sq mi)
Area rank2nd of 36
 (1991 census)
 • Total2,596,589
 • Estimate 
 • Rank12th of 36
 • Density37/km2 (95/sq mi)
 • Year2007
 • Total$5.18 billion[2]
 • Per capita$1,214[2]
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
ISO 3166 codeNG-BO

Borno State is a state in north-eastern Nigeria. Its capital is Maiduguri. The state was formed in 1976 from the split of the North-Eastern State. Until 1991 it contained what is now Yobe State.

Role of the emirs

The state is dominated by the Kanuri and Babur ethnic groups and also a few Shuwa arabs mainly descendants of arab immigrants, [3] and is an example of the endurance of traditional political institutions in some areas of Africa. There, the emirs of the former Kanem-Bornu Empire have played a part in the politics of this area for nearly 1000 years. The current dynasty gained control in the early nineteenth century and was supported by the British, who prevented a military defeat for the group and established a new capital for the dynasty at Maiduguri or Yerwa (as referred to by the natives) in 1905, which remains the capital to this day. After Nigerian independence in 1960, Borno remained fairly autonomous until the expansion of the number of states in Nigeria to 12 in 1967. Local government reform in 1976 further reduced the amount of power the emirs of the former dynasty had, and, by the time of Nigeria's return to civilian rule in 1979, the emir's jurisdiction has been restricted solely to cultural and traditional affairs. Today, the emirs still exist, and serve as advisers to the local government.

Local Government Areas

Borno State is divided into 27 Local Government Areas:


  1. See List of Governors of Borno State for a list of prior governors
  2. 2.0 2.1 "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
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External links

ar:ولاية بورنو br:Borno bg:Борно de:Borno et:Borno es:Borno (Nigeria) fr:État de Borno ko:보르노 주 id:Borno it:Borno (stato) sw:Borno (jimbo) mrj:Борно (штат) nl:Borno (staat) ja:ボルノ州 pl:Borno (stan) pt:Borno (estado) ro:Statul Borno ru:Борно (штат) fi:Borno sv:Borno tr:Borno Eyaleti yo:Ìpínlẹ̀ Bọ̀rnó zh:博尔诺州