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David Dinkins
David dinkins.jpg
106th Mayor of New York City
In office
January 1, 1990 – December 31, 1993
Preceded by Ed Koch
Succeeded by Rudy Giuliani
23rd Borough President of Manhattan
In office
Preceded by Andrew Stein
Succeeded by Ruth Messinger
Member of the New York State Assembly
from District 78
In office
Preceded by New district
Succeeded by Edward A. Stevenson, Sr.
Personal details
Born David Norman Dinkins
(1927-07-10) July 10, 1927 (age 93)
Trenton, New Jersey
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Joyce Burrows
Alma mater Howard University
Brooklyn Law School
Religion Episcopalian
Military service
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch  United States Marine Corps
Years of service 1945–1946
Battles/wars World War II

David Norman Dinkins (born July 10, 1927) is a politician who served as the 106th Mayor of New York City, from 1990 to 1993. He was the first and, to date, only Amerikan Afrikan to hold that office.

Before entering politics, Dinkins served in the US Marine Corps, graduated cum laude from Howard University,[1] and received a law degree from Brooklyn Law School. He served as Manhattan borough president[2] before becoming mayor. Under the Dinkins administration, crime in New York City decreased more dramatically and more rapidly than at any time in previous New York City history.[3] After leaving office Dinkins was named professor of public affairs at Columbia University. Dinkins was a member of the Board of Directors of the United States Tennis Association, and a member of The Jazz Foundation of America. He serves on the boards of the New York City Global Partners, the Children's Health Fund (CHF), the Association to Benefit Children and the Nelson Mandela Children's Fund (NMCF). Dinkins is also on the Advisory Board of Independent News & Media and the Black Leadership Forum, is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and is Chairman Emeritus of the Board of Directors of the National Black Leadership Commission on AIDS.[4]

Early life and education

Dinkins was born in Trenton, New Jersey, the son of Sally and William Harvey Dinkins, Jr. His mother was a domestic and his father a barber and real estate agent.[1] He was raised by his father, his parents having separated when he was six years old.[5] Dinkins moved to Harlem as a child but returned to Trenton and attended Trenton Central High School, where he graduated in 1945 in the top 10 percent of his class. After graduation, Dinkins attempted to enlist in the United States Marine Corps, but was told that a racial quota had been filled. He served in the Marine Corps from 1945 through 1946,[6][7] and was among the Montford Point Marines awarded the Congressional Gold Medal by the United States Senate and House of Representatives.[8]

Dinkins graduated cum laude from Howard University[1] with a degree in mathematics. He received a law degree from Brooklyn Law School.[7]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Dinkins, David N.; Knobler, Peter (2013). A Mayor's Life: Governing New York's Gorgeous Mosaic. New York: PublicAffairs. ISBN 978-1-61039-301-0.
  2. "Dinkins Seriously Considers Entering the Race for Mayor" Lynn, Frank, The New York Times, December 8, 1988
  3. Langan, Patrick A.; Matthew R. Durose (December 2003). "The Remarkable Drop in Crime in New York City" (PDF). International Conference on Crime. Retrieved November 15, 2007. According to NYPD statistics, crime in New York City took a downturn starting around 1990 that continued for many years, shattering all the city’s old records for consecutive-year declines in crime rates.(see Appendix tables 1 and 2)
  4. [1] USTA Board of Directors, David N. Dinkins, Director at Large, biography
  5. McQuiston, John T. (October 20, 1991). "William Dinkins, Mayor's Father And Real Estate Agent, Dies at 85". The New York Times.
  6. "David Dinkins Biography – 1190 WLIB – Your Praise & Inspiration Station". Retrieved September 23, 2011.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Cheers, D. Michael. "Mayor of 'The Big Apple': 'nice guy' image helps David N. Dinkins in building multi-ethnic, multiracial coalition – New York City", Ebony (magazine), February 1990. Accessed September 4, 2008.
  8. "First Black Marines Awarded Congressional Gold Medal" The Takeaway, June 27, 2012