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Enemorina Eaner ("Enemor and Eaner") is one of the 77 woredas in the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region of Ethiopia. This woreda is named in part after one of the sub-groups of the Sebat Bet Gurage, the Enemor, who are first mentioned in a list of groups paying tribute to Emperor Yeshaq I.[1] Part of the Gurage Zone, Enemorina Eaner is bordered on the south by the Hadiya Zone, on the west by Oromia Region, on the north by Cheha, and on the east by Gumer. The administrative center of Enemorina Eaner is Gunchire.

Local landmarks include Ener Emanuel monastery, which was founded by a regional governor (balabat) named Aba Gada Agallo during the reign of Emperor Menelik II. It is located 59 kilometers from Welkite.[2]Aba Geda agallo, who was a governor of significant part of Gurage during the reign of Emperor Menelik II, was one of the most influential personalities in the Southern Ethiopia.

Demographics

Based on figures published by the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, this woreda has an estimated total population of 277,432, of whom 147,037 are men and 130,395 are women; 3,090 or 1.11% of its population are urban dwellers, which is less than the Zone average of 6.3%. With an estimated area of 1,018.75 square kilometers, Enemorina Eaner has an estimated population density of 272.3 people per square kilometer, which is less than the Zone average of 278.3.[3]

The 1994 national census reported a total population for this woreda of 196,455 of whom 92,348 were men and 104,107 were women; 1,706 or 0.87% of its population were urban dwellers. The five largest ethnic groups reported in Enemorina Eaner were the Sebat Bet Gurage (80.86%), the Soddo Gurage (15.84%), the Silt'e (1.93%), the Hadiya (0.57%) and the Amhara (0.37%); all other ethnic groups made up 0.43% of the population. Sebat Bet Gurage is spoken as a first language by 80.45%, 16.21% Soddo Gurage, 2.18% speak Silte, and 0.63% speak Amharic; the remaining 0.53% spoke all other primary languages reported. The majority of the inhabitants were Muslim, with 54.02% of the population reporting they practiced that belief, while 41.93% practiced Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, 2.41% were Protestants, and 1.13% Catholic.[4] Concerning education, 19.79% of the population were considered literate, which is less than the Zone average of 20.62%; 11.43% of children aged 7-12 were in primary school, 2.06% of the children aged 13-14 were in junior secondary school, and 1.3% of the inhabitants aged 15-18 were in senior secondary school.[5] Concerning sanitary conditions, 34.87% of the urban houses and 6.06% of all houses had access to safe drinking water at the time of the census; 35.1% of the urban and 2.67% of all houses had toilet facilities.[6]

Notes

  1. G.W.B. Huntingford, The historical geography of Ethiopia from the first century AD to 1704, (Oxford University Press: 1989), p. 94
  2. "Tourisms", Gurage Zone Government website (accessed 11 August 2009)
  3. CSA 2005 National Statistics, Tables B.3 and B.4
  4. 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region, Vol. 1, part 1, Tables 2.1, 2.12, 2.15, 2.19 (accessed 30 December 2008)
  5. 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia, Vol. 1, part 2, Tables 3.5, 3.7 (accessed 30 December 2008)
  6. 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia, Vol. 1, part 4, Tables 6.11, 6.13 (accessed 30 December 2008)

Coordinates: 8°00′N 37°40′E / 8.000°N 37.667°E / 8.000; 37.667

fr:Enemorina Eaner (woreda)