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Flag of Bolivia.svg
Name La Tricolor
"The tricolor" (Spanish)
Use Civil flag and ensign Civil flag and ensign
Proportion 15:22
Adopted October 31, 1851
Design Three horizontal stripes, the top stripe red, the center stripe yellow and the bottom stripe green

The current flag of Bolivia was originally adopted by Bolivia in 1851. The state flag and ensign (and war flag) is a horizontal tricolor of red, yellow and green with the Bolivian coat of arms in the center. According to one source, the red stands for Bolivia's brave soldiers, while the green symbolizes fertility and yellow the nation's mineral deposits.[1]

According to the new constitution, the Wiphala is considered a national symbol of Bolivia (along with the flag, national anthem, coat of arms, the cockade; kantuta flower and patujú flower).[2]

Despite its landlocked status, Bolivia has a naval ensign used by navy vessels on rivers and lakes. It consists of a blue field with the state flag in the canton bordered by nine small yellow five-pointed stars, with a larger yellow five-pointed star in the fly. The nine small stars represent the nine departments of Bolivia, and the larger star the nation's right to access the sea (access that it lost in 1884 in the War of the Pacific).

State flag and ensign. Flag ratio: 15:22
Naval ensign. Flag ratio: 2:3.


Design and dimensions

The national flag of Bolivia is described as a tricolor rectangle, with the colors red, yellow and green, in a ratio of 1:1:1, meaning three horizontal bands, with the red on the superior part occupying a third of the flag's width, yellow in the middle band using the same width, and green in the inferior part, using the last third.[3]

The dimensions of the flag had not been defined since its adoption in 1851. The Supreme Decrete Nº 27630 of 2004 finally established that the size of the national flag be of 7.5 squares width by 11 squares long, a square can be any size, but always using the ratio 15:22.

Color and symbolism

The first description of Bolivia's national flag, together with the significance of these, were first established by the Supreme Decrete of 1888 during the government of President Gregorio Pacheco.

  •    Red: represents the blood shed by our heroes for the birth and preservation of the Republic
  •    Yellow: represents our wealth and resources.
  •    Green: represents the wealth of our nature and the hope, as a principle of our society

The exact colors of the Bolivian flag have been established by the Supreme Decrete of 2004:[4]

Denominación Red Yellow Green
Pantone 485 116 356
RGB 213-43-30 252-209-22 0-121-52
CMYK C0-M80-Y86-K16 C0-M17-Y91-K0 C100-M0-Y57-K53
HEX #D52B1E #FCD116 #007934

Historical flags

Similar flags

With some variation in the particular shades of the colors and the size proportions of the flag, the design of the flag of Bolivia is similar to that of the flag of Ghana, adopted in 1957. This does not include, of course, the black star. Bolivia's flag is also similar to the Ethiopian flag which has the same colors but in the reverse order.


  2. "Artículo 6. II. Los símbolos del Estado son la bandera tricolor rojo, amarillo y verde; el himno boliviano; el escudo de armas; la wiphala; la escarapela; la flor de la kantuta y la flor del patujú." (Article 6. II. State symbols are the flag tricolor red, yellow and green; the Bolivian national anthem; coat of arms; the wiphala; the cockade; the flower of kantuta and the flower of patujú.) Constitution of Bolivia
  3. Bandera de Bolivia
  4. Bolivian Flag

External links

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