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Republic of Colombia
Flag of Colombia.svg
Name Tricolor Nacional (National tricolor)
Use National flag and ensign National flag and ensign
Proportion 9:14
Adopted November 26, 1861
Design A triband flag with horizontal bands coloured yellow, blue and red. Horizontally the yellow occupies 50% and the other 50% is shared by the blue and red colors.
Designed by Francisco de Miranda

The flag of Colombia was adopted on November 26, 1861. It is a horizontal tricolour of yellow, blue and red. The yellow stripe takes up the top half of the flag and the blue and red take up a quarter of the space each.

FIAV 111010.svg National flag and state ensign. Flag ratio: 2:3
FIAV 000100.svg Civil ensign. Flag ratio: 2:3
FIAV 000001.svg Naval ensign. Flag ratio: 2:3

Symbolism and design

Flag of Colombia in Cartagena, Colombia.
Construction sheet of Colombia national flag.

The horizontal stripes (from top to bottom) of yellow, blue and red tricolour have a ratio of 2:1:1. It—together with that of Ecuador, also derived from the flag of Gran Colombia—is different from most other tricolour flags, either vertical or horizontal, in having stripes which are not equal in size. (Venezuela, whose flag is also derived from the same source, opted for a more conventional tricolour with equal strips).

The official colours have not yet been established by law. However, it is recommended to use the following:

Scheme Yellow Blue Red
Pantone 116 287 186
RGB 252-209-22 0-56-147 206-17-38
CMYK C0-M17.1-Y91.3-K0 C100-M61.9-Y0-K42.4 C0-M91.7-Y81.6-K19.2
HEX #FCD116 #003893 #CE1126

According to the current interpretation, the colours signify:

  •    Yellow: represents all the gold found in the Colombian land.
  •    Blue: represents the seas on Colombia's shores.
  •    Red: represents the blood spilled on the battlegrounds by the heroes who gained Colombia's freedom.

Other variations on the interpretation of the colours exist, such as, "Yellow, for the sun and land of the people. Blue, for the water that holds up the people and finally, Red, for the blood shed by the people who fought for the independence of Colombia."

Although there are no regulations stating the proportion of the flag, it traditionally is established at 2:3.


Flag of Colombia on the tall ship ARC Gloria
Flag of Colombia

Francisco de Miranda was the person who originally created the common yellow, blue and red flag of Gran Colombia that Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela, with slight variations, share today. Miranda gave at least two sources of inspiration for his flag. In a letter written to Count Simon Romanovich Woronzoff (Vorontsov) in 1792, Miranda stated that the colours were based on a theory of primary colours given to him by the German writer and philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Miranda described a late-night conversation which he had with Goethe at a party in Weimar during the winter of 1785. Fascinated with Miranda's account of his exploits in the United States Revolutionary War and his travels throughout the Americas and Europe, Goethe told him that, "Your destiny is to create in your land a place where primary colours are not distorted.” He proceeded to clarify what he meant:

After Miranda later designed his flag based on this conversation, he happily recalled seeing a fresco by Lazzaro Tavarone in the Palazzo Belimbau in Genoa that depicted Christopher Columbus unfurling a similar-coloured flag in Veragua during his fourth voyage.[1]

In his military diary, Miranda gave another possible source of inspiration: the yellow, blue and red standard of the Burger Guard (Bürgerwache) of Hamburg, which he also saw during his travels in Germany.[2][3]

In the 1801 plan for an army to liberate Spanish America, which he submitted unsuccessfully to the British cabinet, Miranda requested the materials for "ten flags, whose colours shall be red, yellow and blue, in three zones."[4] However, the first flag was not raised until March 12, 1806, in Jacmel, Haiti, during his ill-fated expedition to Venezuela.

Past flags

Flag of New Granada (1830-1834).svg Flag of New Granada.svg 180px Flag of United States of New Granada.svg 180px
FIAV historical.svg Provisional flag of the State of New Granada. Flag ratio: 2:3 FIAV historical.svg Flag of the Republic of New Granada. Flag ratio: 2:3 FIAV historical.svg Flag of the Granadine Confederation. Flag ratio: 2:3 FIAV historical.svg Flag of the United States of New Granada. Flag ratio: 2:3 FIAV historical.svg Flag of the United States of Colombia. Flag ratio: 2:3
1831 – 1834 1834 – 1858 1858 – 1861 1861 1861 – 1886

See also


  1. Serpa Erazo, Jorge, [summary of Ricardo Silva Romero's] "La Bandera del Mundo." Pañol de la Historia. Part 1, Section 1 (July 30, 2004). ISSN 1900-3447. Retrieved on 2008-12-02
  2. Dousdebés, Pedro Julio, "Las insignias de Colombia," Boletín de historia y antigüedades, August 1937, 462, cited in Nelson González Ortega, "Formación de la iconografía nacional en Colombia: una lectura semiótico-social," Revista de Estudios Colombianos, No. 16 (1996), 20.
  3. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 17: bad argument #1 to 'old_pairs' (table expected, got nil).
  4. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 17: bad argument #1 to 'old_pairs' (table expected, got nil).

External links

am:የኮሎምቢያ ሰንደቅ ዓላማ ar:علم كولومبيا az:Kolumbiya bayrağı be:Сцяг Калумбіі bs:Zastava Kolumbije bg:Национално знаме на Колумбия ca:Bandera de Colòmbia cs:Kolumbijská vlajka cy:Baner Colombia da:Colombias flag de:Flagge Kolumbiens et:Colombia lipp el:Σημαία της Κολομβίας es:Bandera de Colombia eo:Flago de Kolombio eu:Kolonbiako bandera fa:پرچم کلمبیا fr:Drapeau de la Colombie ko:콜롬비아의 국기 hi:कोलंबिया का ध्वज hr:Zastava Kolumbije bpy:কলম্বিয়ার ফিরালহান id:Bendera Kolombia it:Bandiera della Colombia he:דגל קולומביה jv:Gendéra Kolombia sw:Bendera ya Kolombia lv:Kolumbijas karogs lt:Kolumbijos vėliava hu:Kolumbia zászlaja mk:Знаме на Колумбија nah:Īpān Colombia nl:Vlag van Colombia ja:コロンビアの国旗 no:Colombias flagg pl:Flaga Kolumbii pt:Bandeira da Colômbia ro:Drapelul Columbiei ru:Флаг Колумбии sco:Banner o Colombie sq:Flamuri i Kolumbisë sk:Vlajka Kolumbie sr:Застава Колумбије sh:Zastava Kolumbije fi:Kolumbian lippu sv:Colombias flagga th:ธงชาติโคลอมเบีย uk:Прапор Колумбії zh:哥伦比亚国旗