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Geronimo Ji Jaga aka: Geronimo Ji Jaga Pratt Born: Elmer Pratt
BornSeptember 13, 1947
DiedJune 2, 2011(2011-06-02) (aged 63)
Cause of deathHeart attack
Other namesGeronimo ji-Jaga Pratt, Elmer Pratt
OccupationHigh ranking member of the Black Panther Party
Known forspending 27 years in prison
Political partyBlack Panther Party
MovementBlack liberation
Criminal charge(s)Murder
Criminal penalty27 years in prison
Criminal statusReleased (conviction vacated)

Geronimo Ji Jaga (September 13, 1947 – June 2, 2011), also known as Geronimo ji-Jaga Pratt born: Elmer Pratt, was a high ranking member of the Black Panther Party. The Federal Bureau of Investigation targeted him in a COINTELPRO operation, which aimed to "neutralize Pratt as an effective BPP functionary."[1] Pratt was falsely accused, tried and convicted of the kidnap and murder of Caroline Olsen in 1972, and spent 27 years in prison, eight of which were in solitary confinement. Pratt was freed in 1997 when his conviction was vacated. He was working as a human rights activist up until the time of his death. Pratt was also the godfather of the late rapper Tupac Shakur and Ri'Chana Cleary.[2] He died of a heart attack in his adopted country, Tanzania, on June 3, 2011.[3]


  1. LA 157-3436, the partially redacted COINTELPRO file on Geronimo Pratt
  2. Interview with Geronimo Pratt
  3. Death of Elmer "Geronomo" Pratt