Kacha Bira is one of the 77 woredas in the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region of Ethiopia. Part of the Kembata Tembaro Zone, Kacha Bira is bordered on the south by an exclave of the Hadiya Zone, on the southwest by the Wolayita Zone, on the west by Omo Sheleko, on the northwest by the Hadiya Zone, on the north by Angacha, and on the east by Alaba. Towns in Kacha Bira include Shinshicho and Hadero.
Kacha Bira has 56 kilometers of all-weather roads and 37 kilometers of dry-weather roads, for an average road density of 310 kilometers per 1000 square kilometers.
In March 2000, police from Durame reportedly killed Ermias Abuye, a resident of Kacha Bira, while he was plowing his fields for supporting the Southern Ethiopia Peoples' Democratic Coalition. Police reportedly refused to investigate the case initially despite a request from the farmer's family, and the responsible officer was working in the Durame police station at year's end.
Based on figures published by the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, this woreda has an estimated total population of 171,689, of whom 86,486 were men and 85,203 were women; 20,745 or 12.08% of its population are urban dwellers, which is greater than the Zone average of 8.8%. With an estimated area of 277.5 square kilometers, Kacha Bira has an estimated population density of 618.7 people per square kilometer, which is greater than the Zone average of 429.40.
The 1994 national census reported a total population for this woreda of 118,603 of whom 58,882 were men and 59,721 were women; 11,450 or 9.65% of its population were urban dwellers. The four largest ethnic groups reported in Kacha Bira were the Kambaata (84.48%), the Hadiya (10.91%), the Welayta (2.64%), and the Amhara (0.73%); all other ethnic groups made up 1.24% of the population. Kambaata is spoken as a first language by 85.72%, 10.19% speak Hadiya, 2.61% Welayta and 0.9% speak Amharic; the remaining 0.58% spoke all other primary languages reported. 72.13% of the population said they were Protestants, 14.64% practiced Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, and 11.85% were Catholic.
- " Detailed statistics on roads", SNNPR Bureau of Finance and Economic Development website (accessed 3 September 2009)
- "Ethiopia: Country Reports on Human Rights Practices", Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, US State Department (accessed 9 July 2009)
- CSA 2005 National Statistics, Tables B.3 and B.4
- 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region, Vol. 1, part 1, Tables 2.1, 2.12, 2.15, 2.19 (accessed 30 December 2008)