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Kano State
Nickname(s): 
Location of Kano State in Nigeria
Location of Kano State in Nigeria
Country Nigeria
Date createdMay 27, 1967
CapitalKano
Government
 • Governor[1]Ibrahim Shekarau (ANPP)
 • Senators
 • RepresentativesList
Area
 • Total20,131 km2 (7,773 sq mi)
Area rank20th of 36
Population
 (2006 census)1 (population disputed)
 • Total13,383,682
 • Rank1st of 36
 • Density660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)
 • Year2007
 • Total$12.39 billion[2]
 • Per capita$1,288[2]
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
ISO 3166 codeNG
Websitekanostate.net
^1  Preliminary results

Kano State is a state located in North-Western Nigeria. Created on May 27, 1967 from part of the Northern Region, Kano state borders Katsina State to the north-west, Jigawa State to the north-east, Bauchi State to the south-east and Kaduna State to the south-west. The capital of Kano State is Kano.

The state originally included Jigawa State which was made a separate state in 1991.

Economy and society

Historically, Kano State has been a commercial and agricultural state, which is known for the production of groundnuts as well as for its solid mineral deposits. The state has more than 18,684 square kilometres (7,214 sq mi) of cultivable land and is the most extensively irrigated state in the country.[citation needed]

Kano State has in recent years being a centre of religious and ethnic violence in Nigeria. It also opposed the polio vaccination programme.

Foreign investments and investors can be seen all over the city. It is arguably within the first five states in terms of commercial activity within Nigeria. Kano also has traditionally received the largest proportion of centrally collected (mostly oil) revenues. From 1990-96 Kano received 10.9% of allocated revenue. In contrast, the next highest state was Sokoto State, receiving 3.5%, with Abuja, Lagos State, and Akwa Ibom State receiving 3.2% each.[3]

Kano's once booming manufacturing sector has been stagnant over the last 15 years. Largely due to epileptic[ambiguous] power supply. Plans are being considered to build a Nuclear Power Station in the North-Eastern region of Nigeria. The plant is to be fueled from Uranium mined in neighbouring Gombe state and supplied over a rail network.

Local Government Areas

The state is home to 44 Local Government Areas (LGAs):

LGA Name Area (sq.km) Census 2006
population
Administrative capital Postal
Code
Dala 19 1,418,777 Gwamaja 700
Fagge 21 698,828 Waje 700
Gwale 18 562,059 Gwale 700
Kano Municipal 17 665,525 Kofar Kudu 700
Tarauni 28 321,367 Ungwa Uku 700
Nassarawa 34 696,669 Bompai 700
Kumbotso 158 395,979 Kumbotso 700
Ungogo 204 469,657 Ungogo 700
Kano Metropolitan Area 499 3,628,861 700
Dawakin Tofa 479 247,875 Dawakin Tofa 701
Tofa 202 97,734 Tofa 701
Rimin Gado 225 104,790 Rimin Gado 701
Bagwai 405 162,847 Bagwai 701
Gezawa 340 282,069 Gezawa 702
Gabasawa 605 211,055 Zakirai 702
Minjibir 416 213,794 Minjibir 702
Dambatta 732 207,968 Dambatta 702
Makoda 441 222,399 Makoda 702
Kunchi 671 111,018 Kunchi 703
Bichi 612 277,099 Bichi 703
Tsanyawa 492 157,680 Tsanyawa 703
Shanono 697 140,607 Shanono 704
Gwarzo 393 183,987 Gwarzo 704
Karaye 479 141,407 Karaye 704
Rogo 802 227,742 Rogo 704
Kabo 341 153,828 Kabo 704
Northern Kano State 8,332 3,143,899 701 to 704
Bunkure 487 170,891 Bunkure 710
Kibiya 404 136,736 Kibiya 710
Rano 520 145,439 Rano 710
Tudun Wada 1,204 231,742 Tudun Wada 710
Doguwa 1,473 151,181 Riruwai 710
Madobi 273 136,623 Madobi 711
Kura 206 144,601 Kura 711
Garun Mallam 214 116,494 Garun Mallam 711
Bebeji 717 188,859 Bebeji 711
Kiru 927 264,781 Kiru 711
Sumaila 1,250 253,661 Sumaila 712
Garko 450 162,500 Garko 712
Takai 598 202,743 Takai 712
Albasu 398 190,153 Albasu 712
Gaya 613 201,016 Gaya 713
Ajingi 714 174,137 Ajingi 713
Wudil 362 185,189 Wudil 713
Warawa 360 128,787 Warawa 713
Dawakin Kudu 384 225,389 Dawakin Kudu 713
Southern Kano State 11,554 3,410,922 710 to 713

Languages

The official language of Kano State is English but the Hausa language is commonly spoken. Ibrahim Ado-Kurawa (2003). "Brief History of Kano 999 to 2003". http://www.kanostate.net/. Kano State Government Nigeria. Retrieved 2009-12-07. External link in |work= (help)

Population

According to the 2006 census figures from Nigeria Kano State had a population totalling 9,383,682. The credibility of the census has been disputed most noticeably by Gani Fawehinmi - a Lagos-based advocate and activist.[4] The state is mostly populated by Hausa people.[5]

See also

References

External links

ar:كانو (ولاية) de:Kano (Bundesstaat) es:Estado de Kano fr:État de Kano ko:카노 주 ha:Kano ig:Kano State id:Kano (negara bagian Nigeria) it:Kano (stato) sw:Kano (jimbo) nl:Kano (staat) ja:カノ州 pl:Kano (stan) pt:Kano (estado) fi:Kano (osavaltio) sv:Kano (delstat) tr:Kano Devleti yo:Ipinle Kano zh:卡诺州