Menjiwo is one of the 77 woredas in the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region of Ethiopia. The name Menjiwo is derived from the province Manjo of the Kingdom of Kaffa; however, the province of Manjo lay within the boundaries of neighboring Ginbo, while Menjiwo occupies the lands of the Gallo province of the former kingdom. Part of the Keficho Shekicho Zone, Menjiwo is bordered on the south by Telo, on the west by Ginbo, on the north by the Gojeb River which separates it from the Oromia Region, and on the east by the Semien Omo Zone. The major town in Menjiwo is Adiya Kaka.
This woreda has been described as "one of the most isolated zones in the Region, with most kebeles inaccessible by road throughout the year." According to a 2004 report, Menjiwo had 56 kilometers of dry-weather roads, for an average road density of 53 kilometers per 1000 square kilometers. Despite the lack of all-weather roads, this woreda possesses "a largely self-contained economy, not wealthy, but economically secure. Major cash crops include corn, teff, wheat, and haricot beans. Other important sources of income include selling butter.
Based on figures published by the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, this woreda has an estimated total population of 101,288, of whom 51,851 are men and 49,437 are women; 2,075 or 2.05% of its population are urban dwellers, which is less than the Zone average of 9.7%. With an estimated area of 1,054.22 square kilometers, Menjiwo has an estimated population density of 96.1 people per square kilometer, which is greater than the Zone average of 81.9.
In the 1994 national census Menjiwo had a population of 71,575, of whom 34,953 were men and 36,622 women; 1,145 or 1.6% of its population were urban dwellers. The four largest ethnic groups reported in this woreda were the Kafficho (91.24%), the Kullo (5.04%), the Amhara (1.27%), and the Konta (0.85%); all other ethnic groups made up 1.6% of the population. Kafa was spoken as a first language by 89.29% of the inhabitants, 7% spoke Kullo, 1.55% Konta, and 1.25% spoke Oromiffa; the remaining 0.91% spoke all other primary languages reported. Concerning education, 11.86% of the population were considered literate; 5.62% of children aged 7-12 were in primary school; 0.42% of the children aged 13-14 were in junior secondary school; and 0.14% of the inhabitants aged 15-18 were in senior secondary school. Concerning sanitary conditions, about 40.96% of the urban houses and 7.63% of all houses had access to safe drinking water at the time of the census, while about 33.58% of the urban and 7.84% of the total had toilet facilities.
- "SNNPR Livelihood Woreda Reports: Menjiwo Woreda", Ethiopia Livelihoods website (accessed 18 May 2009)
- "Detailed statistics on roads", SNNPR Bureau of Finance and Economic Development website (accessed 15 September 2009)
- "SNNPR Livelihood Woreda Reports - Menjiwo: Key Parameters for Monitoring Livelihoods at Woreda Level" (accessed 18 May 2009)
- CSA 2005 National Statistics, Tables B.3 and B.4
- 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region, Vol. 1, part 1, Tables 2.1, 2.12, 2.15 (accessed 30 December 2008)
- 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region, Vol. 1, part 1, Tables 2.1, 2.12, 2.19, 3.5, 3.7, 6.3, 6.11, 6.13 (accessed 30 December 2008)