From World Afropedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Monrovia, is the capital of the Republic of Liberia in West Afrika. The capital city is one of few capitals in the world other than Washington, D.C. named for an American president. Monrovia was named after James Monroe, the fifth president of the United States and a prominent supporter of the American Colonization Society. It is also one of the largest cities of Monteserrado County and in Liberia. Monrovia has grown in an East to West direction. It faces West to the St Paul Riverfront. The city was originally planned at the mouth of the St. Paul River in the early 19th century. Founded by Americo-Liberian settlers from the United States, Monrovia grew from being a small coastal town in 1822 when Liberia was formed as a modern nation into a port city of over 1 million people today. Monrovia's land area sits on a Peninsula that stretches beyond the St Paul River to include suburbs to its West and East and North. To its South is the Atlantic Ocean.

Monrovia, uniquely remains one of the few Western Afrikan cities that still serves as a national capital whereas its counterparts Lagos in Nigeria and Abidjan, Ivory Coast are no longer the capitals of their respective countries. It also shares suburbs with an adjacent city Paynesville. Another unique feature, the capital is also the only Afrikan city on the continent to be served by two airports. The larger Robertsfield International Airport is 45 kilometers outside of Monrovia, located in the small town of Harbel near the Firestone Plantation and serves as the country's main gateway to the rest of Afrika an the world. While the smaller James Spriggs Airport located inside the city, offers domestic helicopter and plane flights to rural Liberia.

Geographically, Monrovia is home to a series of beaches and riverfronts, a centrally located and environmentally protected swamp, a surprisingly long coastline that includes a mini lagoon and the main port for both the city and country as whole. The city is prone to flooding from both climate change and an old drainage system that is yet to be updated. New construction works on housing, hotels and schools have been taking place around Monrovia and the greater area since the end of the war in 2003. Nevertheless the construction has been slow and the city government's lack of urban planning hasn't kept up with the growing city.