From World Afropedia
Jump to: navigation, search
New York City
City of New York
Clockwise, from top: Midtown Manhattan, Times Square, the Unisphere in Queens, the Brooklyn Bridge, Lower Manhattan with One World Trade Center, Central Park, the headquarters of the United Nations, and the Statue of Liberty
Flag of New York City
Official seal of New York City
Location in the State of New York
Location in the State of New York
Country United States of America
State New York
CountiesBronx, Kings, New York, Queens, Richmond
Historic colonies New Netherland
Province of New York
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • BodyNew York City Council
 • MayorBill de Blasio (D)
 • Total468.9 sq mi (1,214 km2)
 • Land304.8 sq mi (789 km2)
 • Water164.1 sq mi (425 km2)
 • Metro
13,318 sq mi (34,490 km2)
Elevation33 ft (10 m)
 • Total8,491,079[4]
 • Rank1st, U.S.
 • Density27,857.9/sq mi (10,756.0/km2)
 • MSA
20,092,883[5] (1st)
 • CSA
23,632,722[6] (1st)
Demonym(s)New Yorker
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
100xx–104xx, 11004–05, 111xx–114xx, 116xx
Area code(s)212, 347, 646, 718, 917, 929
FIPS code36-51000
GNIS feature ID975772
Largest borough by areaQueens (109 sq mi/280 km2, land area)
Largest borough by populationBrooklyn (2,621,793 – 2014 est[8])
WebsiteNew York City

New York—often called New York City or the City of New York to distinguish it from the State of New York, of which it is a part—is the most populous city in the United States[4] and the center of the New York metropolitan area, the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States[9][10][11] and one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.[12][13] A global power city,[14] New York exerts a significant impact upon commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment, its fast pace[15] defining the term New York minute.[16] Home to the headquarters of the United Nations,[17] New York is an important center for international diplomacy[18] and has been described as the cultural and financial capital of the world.[19][20][21][22][23][24]

Situated on one of the world's largest natural harbors,[25][26] New York City consists of five boroughs, each of which is a separate county of New York State.[27] The five boroughs – Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, the Bronx, and Staten Island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898.[28] With a census-estimated 2014 population of 8,491,079[4][29] distributed over a land area of just 305 square miles (790 km2),[30] New York is the most densely populated major city in the United States.[31] As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York,[32][33] making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world.[33][34][35] By 2014 census estimates, the New York City metropolitan region remains by a significant margin the most populous in the United States, as defined by both the Metropolitan Statistical Area (20.1 million residents)[5] and the Combined Statistical Area (23.6 million residents).[6] In 2013, the MSA produced a gross metropolitan product (GMP) of nearly US$1.39 trillion,[36] while in 2012, the CSA[37] generated a GMP of over US$1.55 trillion, both ranking first nationally by a wide margin and behind the GDP of only twelve and eleven countries, respectively.[38]

New York City traces its roots to its 1624 founding as a trading post by colonists of the Dutch Republic and was named New Amsterdam in 1626.[39] The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664.[39][40][41] New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790.[42] It has been the country's largest city since 1790.[43] The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the Americas by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries[44] and is a globally recognized symbol of the United States and its democracy.[45]

Many districts and landmarks in New York City have become well known, and the city received a record 56 million tourists in 2014,[46] hosting three of the world's ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013.[47] Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world.[48][49][50] Times Square, iconic as the world's "heart"[51] and its "Crossroads",[52] is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District,[53] one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections,[54][55] and a major center of the world's entertainment industry.[56] The names of many of the city's bridges, skyscrapers,[57] and parks are known around the world. Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City has been called both the most economically powerful city and the leading financial center of the world,[23][58][59][60][61] and the city is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ.[62][63] Manhattan's real estate market is among the most expensive in the world.[64][65] Manhattan's Chinatown incorporates the highest concentration of Chinese people in the Western Hemisphere,[66][67] with multiple signature Chinatowns developing across the city.[68][69] Providing continuous 24/7 service,[70] the New York City Subway is one of the most extensive metro systems worldwide, with Template:NYCS const stations in operation.[71][72][73][74] New York City's higher education network comprises over 120 colleges and universities, including Columbia University, New York University, and Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top 35 in the world.[75][76]

  1. the Mayor, New York City Office of (January 8, 2010). "Biography". New York, City of. Retrieved January 8, 2010.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  3. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2014 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 – United States – Places of 50,000+ Population – 2014 Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 28, 2015.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 – Metropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico – 2014 Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 – Combined Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico – 2014 Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  7. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  8. "State & County QuickFacts – Kings County (Brooklyn Borough), New York". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  9. "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2013 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved April 17, 2015.
  10. "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2012 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved April 17, 2015.
  11. "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2011 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved April 17, 2015.
  12. "World's Largest Urban Areas [Ranked by Urban Area Population]". Rhett Butler. 2003–2006. Retrieved April 26, 2011.
  13. "Largest Cities of the World – (by metro population)". Woolwine-Moen Group d/b/a Graphic Maps. Retrieved April 26, 2011.
  14. "Global Power City Index 2009" (PDF). The Mori Memorial Foundation. Retrieved June 1, 2012.
  15. Shira Poliak. "Adjusting To New York City". Sun Sentinel. Retrieved November 1, 2015. Additionally, the fast-paced lifestyle of New York City demands adjusting.
  16. "Dictionary - Full Definition of NEW YORK MINUTE". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved November 1, 2015.
  17. "United Nations Visitors Centre". United Nations. 2011. Retrieved April 26, 2011.
  18. "NYC Mayor's Office for International Affairs". The City of New York. Retrieved June 24, 2015.
  19. "Consulate General of Iceland New York Culture". Consulate General of Iceland New York. Retrieved February 17, 2013.
  20. "Consulate of Latvia in New York". Consulate of Latvia. Retrieved February 17, 2013.
  21. "Introduction to Chapter 14: New York City (NYC) Culture". The Weissman Center for International Business Baruch College/CUNY 2011. Retrieved February 17, 2013.
  22. "New York, Culture Capital of the World, 1940–1965 / edited by Leonard Wallock ; essays by Dore Ashton ... [et al.]". NATIONAL LIBRARY OF AUSTRALIA. Retrieved February 17, 2013.
  23. 23.0 23.1 "Top 8 Cities by GDP: China vs. The U.S." Business Insider, Inc. July 31, 2011. Retrieved October 28, 2015. For instance, Shanghai, the largest Chinese city with the highest economic production, and a fast-growing global financial hub, is far from matching or surpassing New York, the largest city in the U.S. and the economic and financial super center of the world.
  24. "PAL sets introductory fares to New York". Philippine Airlines. Retrieved March 25, 2015.
  25. "New York City". A&E Television Networks, LLC.
  26. "Port in a Storm: The Port of New York in World War II". New York State Museum. Archived from the original on April 29, 2014. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  27. "Boroughs of New York City". Ben Cahoon. 2002. Retrieved October 5, 2015.
  28. "A 5-Borough Centennial Preface for Katharine Bement Davis Mini-History". The New York City Department of Correction. 1997. Retrieved October 26, 2011.
  29. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 – 2014 Population Estimates – New York". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  30. "New York City Land Use". The City of New York. Retrieved March 27, 2014.
  31. US-25S&-_lang=en County and City Data Book:2007 (U.S. Census Bureau), Table B-1, Area and Population, Retrieved July 12, 2008.
  32. "Endangered Language Alliance". 2012. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
  33. 33.0 33.1 "Linguistics- Say what?". The Economist. September 10, 2011. Retrieved May 2, 2015.
  34. Roberts, Sam (April 28, 2010). "Listening to (and Saving) the World's Languages". The New York Times. Retrieved April 29, 2010.
  35. Mark Turin (August 9, 2013). "The World's Most Linguistically Diverse Location? New York City". PopAnth. Retrieved May 2, 2015.
  36. "Gross Metropolitan Product (GMP) of the United States in 2013, by metropolitan area (in billion current U.S. dollars)". Statista. Retrieved September 12, 2014.
  37. "Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). Executive Office of the President – Office of Management and Budget. p. 106. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
  38. "U.S. Metro Economies (note CSA 2012 GMP total includes sum of New York, Bridgeport, New Haven, Allentown, Trenton, Poughkeepsie, and Kingston MSA 2012 GMP values cited)" (PDF). IHS Global Insight, The United States Conference of Mayors, and The Council on Metro Economies and the New American City. November 2013. pp. 9 through 18 in Appendix Tables. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
  39. 39.0 39.1 "United States History – History of New York City, New York". Retrieved September 9, 2012.
  40. and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York.
  41. "KINGSTON Discover 300 Years of New York History DUTCH COLONIES". National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved May 10, 2011.
  42. "The Nine Capitals of the United States". United States Senate. Retrieved September 7, 2008.
  43. "Rank by Population of the 100 Largest Urban Places, Listed Alphabetically by State: 1790–1990". U.S. Census Bureau. June 15, 1998. Retrieved February 8, 2009.
  44. "Statue of Liberty". A&E Television Networks, LLC. Retrieved May 21, 2011.
  45. "Statue of Liberty". World Heritage. UNESCO World Heritage Centre 1992–2011. Retrieved October 23, 2011.
  46. Ellen Wulfhorst, editing by Eric Beech (February 2, 2015). "New York City tourism hit record high in 2014, officials say". Thomson Reuters. Retrieved April 13, 2015.
  47. Ann Shields (November 10, 2014). "The World's 50 Most Visited Tourist Attractions – No. 3: Times Square, New York City – Annual Visitors: 50,000,000". Travel+Leisure. Retrieved July 12, 2015. No. 3 Times Square,...No. 4 (tie) Central Park,...No. 10 Grand Central Terminal, New York City
  48. DL Cade (December 27, 2013). "Google Maps Out the Most Photographed Places in the World". PetaPixel. Retrieved January 17, 2014.
  49. DL Cade (December 13, 2013). "Most Instagrammed Locations and Cities of 2013 Revealed, as Well as Most-Liked Photo". PetaPixel. Retrieved January 17, 2014.
  50. Sean O'Neill (June 12, 2011). "The 25 most photographed places on Earth". Retrieved January 17, 2014.
  51. Noah Remnick and Tatiana Schlossberg (August 24, 2015). "New York Today:Transforming Times Square". The New York Times. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  52. "Times Square – The Official Site of Times Square". Times Square District Management Association, Inc. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  53. "Times Square". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved May 10, 2011.
  54. Joshua Pramis (October 2011). "World's Most-Visited Tourist Attractions No. 1: Times Square, New York City". American Express Publishing Corporation. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
  55. "The Most Jivin' Streetscapes in the World". Luigi Di Serio. 2010. Retrieved May 10, 2011.
  56. "New York Architecture Images- Midtown Times Square". 2011 nyc-architecture. Retrieved May 10, 2011.
  57. "Buildings in New York City". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved June 8, 2011.
  58. Richard Florida (March 3, 2015). "Sorry, London: New York Is the World's Most Economically Powerful City". The Atlantic Monthly Group. Retrieved March 16, 2015. Our new ranking puts the Big Apple firmly on top.
  59. John Glover (November 23, 2014). "New York Boosts Lead on London as Leading Finance Center". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
  60. "UBS may move US investment bank to NYC". Ltd. June 10, 2011. Retrieved February 4, 2013.
  61. "The Global Financial Centres Index 17" (PDF). Long Finance. March 23, 2015. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
  62. "NYSE Listings Directory". Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  63. "2013 WFE Market Highlights" (PDF). World Federation of Exchanges. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  64. "Manhattan, New York – Some of the Most Expensive Real Estate in the World Overlooks Central Park". The Pinnacle List. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
  65. Morgan Brennan (March 22, 2013). "The World's Most Expensive Billionaire Cities". Forbes. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
  66. Sarah Waxman. "The History of New York's Chinatown". Mediabridge Infosystems, Inc. Retrieved March 5, 2011.
  67. "Chinatown New York City Fact Sheet" (PDF). Retrieved December 18, 2011.
  68. Hesser, Amanda (May 2, 2001). "A Hungry Explorer in New York's 3 Chinatowns". New York Times. New York. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  69. Kadet, Anne (April 18, 2014). "Metro Money: Comparing Three of New York City's Chinatowns". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  70. Baker, Al; Pérez-Peña, Richard (December 20, 2005). "With Terrorism Concerns in Mind, Police Prepare to Guard a Shuttered System". The New York Times. Retrieved February 17, 2012.
  71. "How to Ride the Subway". Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  72. "25 Most Extensive Metro Systems in the World". Retrieved April 21, 2014. |archive-url= is malformed: timestamp (help)
  73. "NYC Subway 101". Walks of New York. Retrieved April 21, 2014. |archive-url= is malformed: timestamp (help)
  74. "World's best Metro Rail Systems". Aarnav. Retrieved April 21, 2014. |archive-url= is malformed: timestamp (help)
  75. "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2015". ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  76. "CWUR 2015 – World University Rankings". Center for World University Rankings. Retrieved July 25, 2015.