Omo Nada is one of the 180 woredas in the Oromia Region of Ethiopia. Part of the Jimma Zone, Omo Nada is bordered on the south by the Gojeb River which separates it from the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region (SNNPR), on the west by Dedo, on the northwest by Kersa, on the north by Tiro Afeta, on the northeast by Sokoru, and on the east by the Omo River which separates it from the SNNPR. Nada is the administrative center of the woreda; other towns in Omo Nada include Asendabo.
The altitude of this woreda ranges from 1000 to 3340 meters above sea level. Major peaks include Mounts Maigudo, Gudaje and Dasu Boreto. Perennial rivers include the Gilgel Gibe, Nada Guda and Beyem. A survey of the land in this woreda shows that 56.8% is arable or cultivable (36.3% was under annual crops), 25.2% pasture, 6.3% forest, and the remaining 11.7% is considered swampy, degraded or otherwise unusable. Teff and wheat are important cash crops. Coffee is also an important cash crop for this woreda; between 20 and 50 square kilometers are planted with this crop.
Industry in the woreda includes 26 grain mills. Coal, iron and manganese deposits have been identified in Omo Nada, but have not yet been developed. There were 37 Farmers Associations with 17,295 members and 17 Farmers Service Cooperatives with 4,608 members. Omo Nada has 67 kilometers of dry-weather and 36 of all-weather road, for an average road density of 64.2 kilometers per 1000 square kilometers. About 44% of the urban and 5.2% of the rural population has access to drinking water.
Based on figures published by the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, this woreda has an estimated total population of 254,417, of whom 127,625 were men and 126,792 women; 12,958 or 5.09% of its population are urban dwellers, which is less than the Zone average of 12.3%. With an estimated area of 1,602.66 square kilometers, Omo Nada has an estimated population density of 158.7 people per square kilometer, which is greater than the Zone average of 150.6.
The 1994 national census reported a total population for this woreda of 182,995, of whom 91,662 were men and 91,333 women; 7,249 or 3.96% of its population were urban dwellers at the time. The five largest ethnic groups reported in Omo Nada were the Oromo (91.2%), the Yem (3.07%), the Amhara (1.65%), the Hadiya (1.32%), and the Kullo (1.1%); all other ethnic groups made up 1.66% of the population. However according to one source, in the early 1990s 72,200 members of the Yem lived in 26 villages in this woreda. Oromiffa was spoken as a first language by 94.16%, 2.17% spoke Amharic, 1.28% spoke Hadiya, and 1.28% spoke Kullo; the remaining 1.11% spoke all other primary languages reported. The majority of the inhabitants were Muslim, with 95.64% of the population having reported they practiced that belief, while 3.24% of the population said they professed Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, and 1.06% were Protestant.
- Socio-economic profile of the Djimma (sic) Zone Government of Oromia Region (last accessed 1 August 2006).
- "Coffee Production" Oromia Coffee Cooperative Union website
- CSA 2005 National Statistics, Tables B.3 and B.4
- 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Oromia Region, Vol. 1, part 1, Tables 2.1, 2.13, 2.16, 2.20 (accessed 6 April 2009)
- Aklilu Yilma, "Pilot Survey of Bilingualism in Yem" SILESR 2002-052, p.5 (accessed 1 June 2006)