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Sodo Zuria (Amharic "Greater Sodo Area") is one of the 77 woredas in the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region of Ethiopia. Part of the Wolayita Zone, Sodo Zuria is bordered on the southwest by Offa, on the west by Kindo Koysha, on the north by Boloso Sore, on the northeast by Damot Gale, and on the east by Damot Weyde. The administrative center of Sodo Zuria is Sodo.

According to a 2004 report, Sodo Zuria had 22 kilometers of asphalt roads, 104 kilometers of all-weather roads and 48 kilometers of dry-weather roads, for an average road density of 380 kilometers per 1000 square kilometers.[1] In 2006 the Woreda Agriculture and Rural Development Office announced that they had begun development projects that included the creation or maintenance of 105 kilometers of road in 34 kebeles of Sodo Zuria woreda. This would cost 2.5 million Birr.[2]

History

Sodo Zuria was selected by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development in 2004 as one of several woredas for voluntary resettlement for farmers from overpopulated areas, becoming the new home for a total of 1268 heads of households and 5072 total family members.[3]

The World Bank approved funding November 2007 for a project sponsored by World Vision Ethiopia to restore forest to 1,000 to 2,000 hectares in Soddo Zuria and 3,000 to 4,000 hectares in Humbo using native species, a program which would be funded with funds from carbon offset purchases.[4]

Demographics

Based on figures published by the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, this woreda has an estimated total population of 297,576, of whom 149,275 are men and 148,301 are women; 65,737 or 22.09% of its population are urban dwellers, which is greater than the Zone average of 8.5%. With an estimated area of 481.25 square kilometers, Sodo Zuria has an estimated population density of 618.3 people per square kilometer, which is greater than the Zone average of 156.5.[5]

The 1994 national census reported a total population for this woreda of 200,866 of whom 99,979 were men and 100,887 were women; 36,287 or 18.07% of its population were urban dwellers. The five largest ethnic groups reported in Sodo Zuria were the Welayta (92.81%), the Amhara (2.6%), the Gamo (0.85%), the Dorze (0.77%), and the Silt'e (0.76%); all other ethnic groups made up 2.21% of the population. Welayta is spoken as a first language by 93.14%, 4.17% Amharic, 0.65% Gamo, and 0.58% speak Dorze; the remaining 1.46% spoke all other primary languages reported. The majority of the inhabitants practiced Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, with 52.03% of the population reporting they held that belief, while 43.06% were Protestants, 2.4% were Roman Catholic, and 1.61% were Muslim.[6]

Notes

  1. "Detailed statistics on roads", SNNPR Bureau of Finance and Economic Development website (accessed 15 September 2009)
  2. "Office undertakes 2.5mln birr dev't works in Special Woreda in quarter year" Walta Information Center (last accessed 30 November 2006)
  3. "Resettlement 2004", Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Agency (DPPA) (accessed 26 November 2006)
  4. "Ethiopia - Humbo and Soddo Community-Based Natural Regeneration Project", World Bank website (accessed 3 March 2009)
  5. CSA 2005 National Statistics, Tables B.3 and B.4
  6. 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region, Vol. 1, part 1, Tables 2.1, 2.12, 2.15, 2.19 (accessed 30 December 2008)

Coordinates: 6°50′N 37°45′E / 6.833°N 37.750°E / 6.833; 37.750

fr:Sodo Zuria (woreda)