Soro is one of the 77 woredas in the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region of Ethiopia. Part of the Hadiya Zone, Soro is bordered on the south and east by the Kembata Tembaro Zone, on the west by the Omo River which separates it from the Oromia Region and the Yem special woreda, on the north by Konteb, and on the northeast by Limo. The administrative center of this woreda is Gimbichu; other towns in Soro include Jajura.
Soro has 19 kilometers of all-weather roads and 48 kilometers of dry-weather roads, for an average road density of 54 kilometers per 1000 square kilometers.
During the 2000 general elections, local police beat Selfamo Kintamo, an elderly supporter of the Southern Ethiopia Peoples' Democratic Coalition (SEPDC) and the uncle of a SEPDC parliamentarian. The US Department of State reports this was because of Selfamo's support of the SEPDC. During the same election, an activist of the Hadiya National Democratic Organization and his wife were killed in Omoshoro kebele by a grenade allegedly thrown by a member of the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) for reporting voting irregularities to the local representative of the National Election Board of Ethiopia (NEBE). When the teen-aged son of the dead couple learned of their deaths, he obtained a sword and sought the EPRDF member avenge his parents' death, but when he learned the party member had fled the scene, he instead killed the NEBE representative.
Based on figures published by the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, this woreda has an estimated total population of 408,981, of whom 204,519 were men and 204,462 were women; 17,353 or 4.24% of its population are urban dwellers, which is less than the Zone average of 8.1%. With an estimated area of 1,234.54 square kilometers, Soro has an estimated population density of 331.3 people per square kilometer, which is less than the Zone average of 378.7.
The 1994 national census reported a total population for this woreda of 287,589 of whom 143,835 were men and 143,754 were women; 9,578 or 3.33% of its population were urban dwellers. The four largest ethnic groups reported in Soro were the Hadiya (89.57%), the Kambaata (1.67%), the Timbaro (1.49%), and the Amhara (1.23%); all other ethnic groups made up 6.04% of the population. Hadiya was spoken as a first language by 93.13%, 2.17% Kambaata, 1.14% Timbaro, and 0.75% spoke Amharic; the remaining 2.81% spoke all other primary languages reported. 60.15% of the population said they were Protestants, 19.04% embraced Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, 11.39% were Catholic, 4.46% practiced traditional religions, and 0.95% were Muslim. Concerning education, 29.62% of the population were considered literate, which is less than the Zone average of 33.01%. Concerning sanitary conditions, 68.48% of the urban houses and 21.33% of all houses had access to safe drinking water at the time of the census; 51.53% of the urban and 9.49% of all houses had toilet facilities.
- "Detailed statistics on roads", SNNPR Bureau of Finance and Economic Development website (accessed 15 September 2009)
- "Ethiopia: Country Reports on Human Rights Practices", Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, US State Department (accessed 9 July 2009)
- Kjetil Tronvoll, "Voting, Violence and Violations: Peasant Voices on the Flawed Elections in Hadiya, Southern Ethiopia", Journal of Modern African Studies, 39 (2001), p. 710
- CSA 2005 National Statistics, Tables B.3 and B.4
- 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region, Vol. 1, part 1, Tables 2.1, 2.12, 2.15, 2.19 (accessed 30 December 2008)
- 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia, Vol. 1, part 2, Table 3.7 (accessed 30 December 2008)
- 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia, Vol. 1, part 4, Tables 6.11, 6.13 (accessed 30 December 2008)