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Nigeria is currently divided into 36 states and Abuja, the federal capital territory. The states are further divided into 774 Local Government Areas.[1]

Before and after independence in 1960, Nigeria was a federation of three Regions: Northern, Western, and Eastern. Provinces were also used in colonial times. In 1963, two provinces were detached from the Western Region to form the new Mid-Western Region. In 1967, the regions were replaced by 12 states due to a military decree; only the former Mid-Western Region escaped division, and formed a single state following the restructuring. From 1967 to 1970 the areas of Mid-Western State and the Eastern Region attempted to secede, as Biafra. In 1976, seven new states were created, making 19 altogether;[2] the Federal Capital Territory (now called Abuja) was formally established in 1991. In 1987 two new states were established, followed by another nine in 1991, bringing the total to 30.[2] The latest change, in 1996, resulted in the present number of 36 states.

Current States and FCT

States of Nigeria, there are a total of 36 states in Nigeria and then Abuja, the federal capital territory.


  1. Abuja
  2. Anambra
  3. Enugu
  4. Akwa Ibom
  5. Adamawa
  6. Abia
  7. Bauchi
  8. Bayelsa
  9. Benue
  10. Borno
  11. Cross River
  12. Delta
  13. Ebonyi
  1. Edo
  2. Ekiti
  3. Gombe
  4. Imo
  5. Jigawa
  6. Kaduna
  7. Kano
  8. Katsina
  9. Kebbi
  10. Kogi
  11. Kwara
  12. Lagos
  13. Nasarawa
  1. Niger
  2. Ogun
  3. Ondo
  4. Osun
  5. Oyo
  6. Plateau
  7. Rivers
  8. Sokoto
  9. Taraba
  10. Yobe
  11. Zamfara

Federal Capital Territory: Abuja

Former state boundaries


During this period, there were 30 states and Abuja, the Federal Capital Territory.

Nigeria 1991-1996.png


During this period, there were 21 states and,
later, Abuja, the Federal Capital Territory.

Nigeria states 1987-1991.png



During this period, there were 19 states.

Nigeria states-1976-1987.png



During this period, there were 12 states.

Nigeria states-1967-1976.png


During this period, there were 4 regions.

Nigeria 1963-1967.png



During this period, there were 3 regions.

Nigeria 1960-1963.png



Regions States
1960 1967 1976 1987 1991 1996
Eastern Cross-River Akwa Ibom
East Central Imo Abia
Anambra Anambra
Enugu Enugu
Ebonyi (also includes part of old Abia)
Rivers Bayelsa
Mid-Western (1963) Mid-Western Bendel Delta
Western Lagos
Western Ogun
Ondo Ekiti
Oyo Osun
Northern Benue-Plateau Benue
Plateau Nasarawa
Kano Jigawa
Kwara Kwara
Kogi (also includes part of old Benue)
North Central Kaduna Kaduna
North Western Niger
Sokoto Kebbi
Sokoto Sokoto
North Eastern Bauchi Bauchi
Borno Borno
Gongola Adamawa

See also

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  1. "USAID Nigeria mission: Nigeria administrative divisions" United States Agency for International Development, October 2004, last accessed 21 April 2010
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kraxberger, Brennan (2005) "Strangers, Indigenes and Settlers: Contested Geographies of Citizenship in Nigeria" Space and Polity 9(1): pp. 9-27, pages 10, 11, & 15


  • Ajayi, Gboyega (2007) The military and the Nigerian state, 1966-1993: a study of the strategies of political power control Africa World Press, Trenton New Jersey, ISBN 1-59221-568-8
  • Benjamin, Solomon Akhere (1999) The 1996 state and local government reorganizations in Nigeria Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research, Ibadan, Nigeria, ISBN 978-181-238-9
  • Suberu, Rotimi T. (1994) 1991 state and local government reorganizations in Nigeria Institute of African Studies, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria, ISBN 978-2015-28-8

External links

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