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The purpose of this template is similar to other continent and region topic templates, however instead of the name of countries being affixed to changeable strings, the country's demonym is affixed. This template is distinct from the other continent and region topic templates because many national concepts, such as cuisine and literature, are more commonly referred to by using the demonym (French cuisine, French literature) than the country name ("Cuisine of France," "Literature of France").

The continent/region-topic templates allow quick creation of navigational template for groups of articles about a common topic in different countries of a continent/region. It uses Template:Navbox to create the navigation box.

The lists of countries included in the "Continent topic" templates are broadly those found in the "Countries of" templates. Discussions on which countries to include are best conducted on the talk pages of these latter templates.

For example, Oceania generally includes Australia and the nations of the Pacific and islands in the Pacific Ocean that have closer ties to Asia or the Americas are usually grouped accordingly.


1st parameter (prefix)

The most basic usage of template is with a single unnamed parameter in the format {{Continent/region topic|Topic [of/in]}}, replacing Continent/region with the name of a continent or region and Topic with the name of a topic followed by "of" or "in". For example, {{Africa topic|Geography of}} generates a navigation box titled "Geography of Africa" with a list of country names linked to articles such as Geography of Angola, etc.

{{Africa topic|Geography of}}

The named parameter prefix can be used in place of the unnamed 1st parameter.

{{Asia topic|prefix=Geography of}}

2nd parameter (suffix)

The template accepts a second unnamed parameter for text to be placed after the country name. There is no space between the country name and the suffix, to allow for links to articles such as List of Spain-related topics.

{{Europe topic|List of|-related topics}}

An underscore can be used to place a space between the country name and the text:

{{North America topic|List of basic|_topics}}

Note that in the above example the links work but the underscore is displayed in the title. This can be fixed by specifying a title (see next section) or by using the named parameter suffix which always places a space between the country name and text.

{{South America topic|prefix=List of basic|suffix=topics}}

Changing the title

The title parameter is used to specify text which appears in the title bar at the top of the navigation box. This is optional because the use of prefix, suffix or both will automatically generate a title, as shown in the previous examples. This title is not automatically wiki-linked, so add brackets as needed.

The following shows a navigation box with links to articles such as Flag of Australia, but replaces the default title "Flag of Oceania" with the specified title "Flags of Oceania".

{{Oceania topic|Flag of|title=[[Flags of Oceania]]}}

Displaying template in show mode

These navigation boxes are set to autocollapse when there is more than one on a page. To force it into collapsed or expanded mode use the state parameter. If set to collapsed, the navbox will always start out in a collapsed state. If set to blank or anything other than autocollapse or collapsed, the navbox will always start out in an expanded state.

{{Africa topic|prefix=Geography of|state=expand}}

Disabling dependencies and other territories

Not all dependencies or similar territories have their own articles on particular topics. To disable the inclusion of such territories in a template (that would otherwise appear as red links), include the parameter "countries_only=yes".

{{Europe topic|prefix=Islam in|state=expanded|countries_only=yes}}:

Creating a new template

Although these templates can be used in an article, they can also be used to create a new template. The name parameter is mandatory when creating a new template, because it allows the "v ·· e" links to work properly. The following example shows code that could be used to create Template:Flags of Europe.

{{Europe topic
|name   = Flags of Europe
|state  = {{{state|}}}
|title  = [[Flags of Europe]]
|prefix = Flag of
[[Category:Europe templates]]

The template can then be added to articles using {{Flags of Europe}} or {{Flags of Europe|state=expand}}.

When to use the templates

  1. Before implementing these templates in a topic, check for red links. If there are several red links, consider whether a separate article in the topic for each country is warranted.
  2. Some topics may use a different navigational scheme. In general, don't use this template if there are already navigational templates in several of the articles of a topic.

Examples of appropriate articles for these templates are {{Africa topic|Culture of}} or {{North America topic|List of airports in}}, both of which have a number of blue links, and where the majority of red links could have a reasonable article written about them.

Examples of inappropriate articles for these templates are {{North America topic|Maya in}}, where articles could only be written for a small number of nations and {{Oceania topic|Music of}}, where articles already have templates which use a different navigational scheme.


When there are a small number of links for which an article is not appropriate, consider making a redirect to the broader article in which the topic is included. For example, Hinduism in Cambodia redirects to Hinduism in Southeast Asia and Geography of Christmas Island redirects to Christmas Island#Geography.


Navigational templates are usually placed at the end of an article.

See also

Comparison of continent-based templates
Africa Asia Europe Oceania North America South America
World {{Continents of the world}} · {{Regions of the world}} · {{Lists of countries by continent}}
Generator {{Africa topic}} {{Asia topic}} {{Europe topic}} {{Oceania topic}} {{North America topic}} {{South America topic}}
{{Americas topic}}
{{African topic}} {{Asian topic}} {{European topic}} {{Oceanic topic}} {{North American topic}} {{South American topic}}
{{American topic}}
{{Continent topic}} · {{Southeast Asia topic}} · {{United States topic}} · {{Caribbean topic}} · {{Latin America and the Caribbean topic}}
"Countries of..." {{...Africa}} {{...Asia}} {{...Europe}} {{...Oceania}} {{...North America}} {{...South America}}
{{...the Americas}}
"List of...capitals" {{...African...}} {{...Asian...}} {{...European...}} {{...Oceanian...}} {{...North American...}} {{...South American...}}