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Tindouf

بلدية تندوف

Tinduf
Commune of Tindouf
Country Algeria
ProvinceTindouf (seat)
DistrictTindouf (seat)
Government
 • PMA Seats11
Area
 • Total70,009 km2 (27,031 sq mi)
Population
 (1998)
 • Total32,004
 • Density0.46/km2 (1.2/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01 (CET)
Postal code
37000
ONS code3701

Tindouf (Berber: Tinduf, Arabic: تيندوف‎) is the main town in Tindouf Province, Algeria, close to the Mauritanian and Moroccan borders. The region is considered of strategic significance, and it houses Algerian military bases. Since 1975, it also contains several Sahrawi refugee camps operated by the Polisario Front, the Sahrawi national liberation movement. The city is served by the Tindouf Airport, northwest of the town, with regular flights to Algiers as well as to other domestic destinations. Within the municipal territory of Tindouf, there is Gara Djebilet, a settlement near the border with Mauritania with a iron mine and a defunct airport. It is approximately 70 kilometers northwest of Aet Legra.

History

The town of Tindouf was built near an isolated Saharan oasis in 1852 by members of the Tajakant tribe, but sacked and destroyed by Reguibat tribe in 1895. It remained deserted until French troops arrived in the area in 1934. Since Algerian independence in 1962, the town has been purposely built up, partly because of its importance as a last outpost before the Moroccan and Mauritanian borders.

Demographics

Tindouf has a population of 44,058 (2006 estimates).[1]

Year Population
1977 (Census) 6,044
1987 (Census) 13,084
1998 (Census) 32,004
2010 (Estimate) 47,965 - 59,898

References


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