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Brunei
Flag of Brunei.svg
Use Civil and state flag and civil ensign Civil and state flag, civil ensign
Proportion 1:2
Adopted 29th September, 1959
Design The coat of arms of Brunei in the centre, on a yellow field. The field is cut by black and white diagonal stripes, although they are officially called parallelograms.
Designed by Unknown designer.
War Flag of Brunei.svg
Variant flag of Brunei
Name Brunei Armed Forces Flag
Use War flag War flag
Proportion 2:3
Design Yellow flag with three diagonal stripes white over red over black, with Armed Forces' badge in the middle.
Naval Ensign of Brunei.svg
Variant flag of Brunei
Name Brunei Naval Ensign
Use Naval ensign War ensign
Proportion 1:2
Design white (crossless) ensign with the war flag in canton.

The national flag of Brunei was adopted in 1959 when the country was a British protectorate, and was retained when the country gained full independence on 1 January 1984 as Brunei Darussalam (State of Brunei, Abode of Peace). The flag has the coat of arms of Brunei in the centre, on a yellow field. The field is cut by black and white diagonal stripes, although they are officially called parallelograms.

The coat of arms is as follows: a crescent (symbolising Islam) joined with a parasol (symbolising monarchy), and two gloves on both sides. Below the crescent is a ribbon. On the crescent and ribbon are Arabic inscriptions translating as "State of Brunei, Abode of peace" and Brunei's motto, "Always in service with God's guidance"

In Southeast Asia, yellow is traditionally the colour of royalty, and the royal standards of Malaysia and Thailand, along with the presidential flag of Indonesia, also use a yellow field.

Black and white stripes represent Brunei's chief ministers, and yellow represents the Sultan of Brunei. The national emblem was placed in the center in 1959. A similar version of this flag, without the coat of arms, was first used in 1906. The coat of arms bears a crescent symbolic of the Islamic faith, and the central mast is a symbol of the state. The flag and umbrella are symbols of royalty, and the upturned hands signify the benevolence of the government. The Arabic motto on the crescent translates as, Always render service by God's guidance. Below it, a scroll bears the inscription Brunei Darussalam, the country's official title, meaning City of Peace.

Sultanate (later Protectorate) of Brunei up to 1906
Sultanate (later Protectorate) of Brunei up to 1906
Protectorate of Brunei, 1906-1959
Protectorate of Brunei, 1906-1959

External links


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