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Saïda (Arabic: سعيدة‎) is the capital city of Saïda Province, Algeria.


Saïda is located in northwestern Algeria, on the southern slopes of the Tell Atlas mountain range situated on the northern fringe of the High Plateaus (French = Hauts Plateaux). The city lies along the right bank of the Wadi Saïda, protected by wooded mountains on the opposite shore that rise steeply from the valley floor to an elevation of some 4,000 feet (1,200 metres).


The city’s site has been of military importance since the construction of a Roman fort. Saïda was a stronghold of Abd al-Qadir, the Algerian national leader who burned the town as French forces approached it in 1844.

Modern Saïda was founded as a French military outpost in 1854 and once housed a regiment of the French Foreign Legion. Its growth was stimulated by the arrival of the Oran-Béchar [narrow-gauge) railway, which was incorporated in 1862.

In 2005 the population was 158,856 inhabitants. It is nicknamed the city of waters, because of its abundant underground springs.


Saïda is served by a narrow gauge railway from Mohammadi, however a standard gauge line is proposed.

See also


Coordinates: 34°50′N 0°09′E / 34.833°N 0.150°E / 34.833; 0.150

ar:سعيدة de:Saida fa:سعیده (شهر) fr:Saïda (Algérie) it:Saida lt:Saida (Alžyras) nl:Saïda (stad) pl:Saida pt:Saida war:Saïda zh:塞伊达